Cultural Destination

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West Sumatra Grand Mosque

West Sumatra Grand Mosque (photo: Febrian Fachri)

West Sumatra Grand Mosque

The Great Mosque of West Sumatra is one of the leading religious tourism destinations in the city of Padang. It has an oval-shaped roof on four sides which reflects the shape of the Minang traditional house, the Gadang house. The Great Mosque of West Sumatra also has an 85 meters-height tower. Visitors can use the elevator and enjoy views of the city of Padang from a height of 44 meters. The walls of Great Mosque of West Sumatra are decorated with Minang-styled wooden panels which also serve as ventilations to improve the air circulation inside. The Great Mosque of West Sumatra was built with earthquake-friendly construction. Once the earthquake occurs, the second floor of the mosque can be functioned as a temporary evacuation site.

Cultural Tourism Destination

West Sumatra Grand Mosque

Tourist Attractions in West Sumatra

West Sumatra

Batik Motifs

Tanah Liek

The word “Tanah Liek” refers to clay in Minang language. It is also known as

Rangkiang

The word “Rangkiang” refers to the rice granary in the Minangkabau language. It symbolizes

Keluak Daun Pakis

The word “Keluak” is a Minang language which means twisted or tangled. The Motif of

 

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Indonesian

Batik

Motifs

Gedhog Kembang Waluh

a combination of Javanese cultural motif of the Majapahit kingdom (XII-XIV century) with

Ukir Sentani

The Ukir motif is a batik motif that is inspired by various traditional Sentani wood carvings

Dayak Kamang

Kamang motif is generally found in the Dayak tribe shield because it is believed to

Ake Patra

Ake is related to the divinity and the composition of the universe. It is a symbol of

Biji Kopi

The coffee seeds motif illustrates the pride of local coffee specialities in

Wakatobi

It symbolizes the coastal beauty of the Wakatobi island and the symbol of Patra symbolizes

Penari Melayu

Penari Melayu illustrates the traditional dance of Malay ethnic in

Hiu Taliyasan

Indonesia is also home to the world’s largest fish, the whale shark (Rhincodon typus). Hiu Taliyasan refers to

Manguni Minahasa

Manguni is identified as the symbol of the Minahasa people. Manguni is known as a

Waruga

Minahasa batik motifs are adopted from Waruga. Waruga is the

Tangerang Herang

Tangerang Herang motif is a symbol of Tangerang city. The Tangerang Herang batik motif consists of

Tikar Natuna

The Tikar Natuna motif is adapted from the traditional making of pandanus mats in

Ikan tambal

The word “Ikan” refers to fish. The philosophical meaning of Ikan Tambal means is

Jumputan Bintang

The word Jumputan means the tie-dye technique, while the word “Bintang” refers to

Rangkiang

The word “Rangkiang” refers to the rice granary in the Minangkabau language. It symbolizes

Pinawetengan

The Pinawetengan Batik pattern was taken from a prehistoric inscription in

Merak Lasem

The peacock is considered to be the king of the birds. It represents

Jagung

The philosophy of the corn motif illustrates the dream and

Dayak Taghol

Dayak Taghol has a distinctive style of four curved lines and small dots. This motif represents

Gumin Tambun

Based on Hindu mythology, this motif symbolizes lucks, abundant wealth, and

Besurek Rembulan

This batik illustrates praise for God who created the wonderful universe

Parang Seling

Parang Seling or “alternating daggers” is a royal batik motif. It is a feminine variant of

Leuit Sijimat

This motif reflects the daily activities of the Baduy tribe in Banten. The main ornaments of batik motif consist of:

Kamaro Timika

This motif is inspired by sacred symbols of Kamaro communities in

Awan Berarak

Awan Berarak is a combination of Dayak motifs and Malay patterns. The word ‘Awan Berarak’ means the

Gamolan

This motif illustrates Gamolan, a bamboo musical instrument of Lampung that is

Kawung

The Kawung motif was created by Sultan Agung Hanyokrokusumo (1593 – 1645) as a symbolic gift for

Kerawang Datar

This motif symbolizes the embodiment of of religious values for

Tengkawang Ampiek

With its many advantages, the Dayaks use this leaf in ritual ceremonies. This plant is a symbol of

Abimanyu Prince

This motif implies a hope that the wearer will have the wisdom of

Bayam Raja

The Raja Bayam Sasirangan motif illustrates the social status of

Durian Pecah

Broken Durian motifs depict the foundation of faith. The second half signifies the mastery of

Cengkeh

The clove flower motif is the main commodity of the Tolitoli Regency. This motif represents

Anggrek Tewu

This motif is created based on the local wisdom and philosophy of

Sekar Jati

Sekar means flower and Jati refers to teak trees that symbolizes a strong mental character that

Tongkonan

Toraja’s traditional house is called Tongkonan. Tongkonan is a place for

Pintu Aceh

The motif is inspired by Aceh’s traditional architecture that has

Asmat Papua

The batik motif illustrates the Asmat’s sacred tribal motifs that are

Mahkota Siger

Siger is the crown of a noblewoman in ancient time. It is a symbol of femininity, strength, and

Mega Mendung

Mega Mendung signifies the cloud. This motif means to stay

Barong Bali

The Barong refers to the mythological animal with supra-natural

Lontara

The Lontara script itself is a typical ancient script of Bugis and Makassar communities. History records that

Prada Papua

The word “Prada” in the Javanese-Indonesian dialect means a batik textile that

Tampuk Manggis Sasirangan

The motif illustrates the philosophy of the mangosteen fruit, which is

Pati-Pati Pinehiku

It symbolizes the hierarchy in society and the social status of the Mekongga

Gurdo Solo

Gurdo or garuda bird is the mount of the Indian god Vishnu. As the Sun Bird,

Besurek Rafflesia

The term “Basurek” refers to a textile that contains letters or inscriptions

Karawo Mahkuta

Mahkuta refers to Gorontalo’s traditional crown. It represents noble characters of

Rumah Mamuju

the Batik motif illustrates the house of Mamuju King with the stairs, located on the left of the wooden stage house

Gonggong Siput

Gonggong (Strombus Turturella) is one type of sea snail found around

Tanah Liek

The word “Tanah Liek” refers to clay in Minang language. It is also known as

Daun Lada Hitam

The black pepper motif represents the main commodity of Bangka Belitung

Sinaran

This pattern originates from Cirebon. It represents the reflection of

Merak Ngeram

The hatching peacock motif has a very deep meaning which refers to the sacrifice and

Teguh Bersatu

This batik motif shows the strength of the people of Kupang. It also represents a sense of

Lipaq Sabe

Lipaq Saqbe contains a simple geometric classical motif with various flower decorations. This textile is

Insang Ikan

Insang refers to the gills of the fish. This is a typical pattern of Malay ethnic who inhabits

Bekantan Pakis

This motif represents Pakis Haji (Polystichum setiferum), an endemic plant in

Gonggong Beruntun

This motif illustrates that a person should maintain a positive attitude and

Sero Tangga

The Sero Tangga illustrates an endearing feeling and sacrifices of a person to fulfil

Sido Mulyo

Sidomulyo is one of the classical motifs, which is specifically used for the bride’s costume in

Parang Rusak

Another meaning behind this motif is an unconquerable spirit, symbolized by

Alam Pantai

The word “Alam Pantai” refers to the natural beauty of

Bunga Raye

Raye Flower motif also represents a wish for

Kasih Tak Sampai

‘Kasih Tak Sampai’ is an idiom in the Indonesian language which refers to

Sandeq

Sandeq Boat is a symbol of the maritime importance of the West Sulawesi region. The greatness of

Gorga Simeol-Meol

The Gorga Simeol-meol is a pattern of plant tendrils. it is regarded as a symbol of longevity and

Kerawang Tegak Aceh

The Vertical Upright (Kerawang Tegak) Motif symbolizes a person who has a strong

Ondel-ondel

Ondel – ondel is Betawi traditional icons. This motif signifies

Honai

The Honai is inspired by the traditional house of the Papuan community living in

Tidayu

The name of this motif is the acronym of three ethnics namely,

Pohon Hayat (Tree of Life)

The Batik motifs in Lampung are dominated by the acculturation of Buddhist and

Enggang Dayak

Local people beliefs that hornbills are an incarnation of the Commander of the Birds. It has supernatural

Gentala Arasy

Built as high as 80 meters, the tower also highlights the historical side of

Tabir Tanjung

Tanjung flower is a type of Cherry tree flower, which is commonly found in

Kain Cual

Cual textile tradition has existed since the 17th century. The word “Cual” refers to

Daun Sirih

This motif illustrates betel leaves that are used by Lombok communities as traditional

Burung Bidadari

Bidadari birds are endemic birds in Halmahera. This motif represents an

Karawo Pinang

Pinang refers to the Palm areca tree. This motif is considered as the original

Angsa Duo

According to legend, the Angso duo batik motif is a pair of swans that are believed to have led Princess

Pucuk Mekar

This motive reflects the joy and gratitude to God over the grace of

Pucuk Rebung Riau

Pucuk Rebung symbolizes heart determination in achieving goals, good luck, and

Gigi Haruan Lidi

The Gigi Haruan Lidi motif is taken from the name of the cork fish and is a symbol of

Gajah Way Kambas

The motif illustrates the Lampung’s natural reserve, the Way Kambas. it also symbolizes

Pisang Bali

This batik motif is usually given by a person to his/her lover who is

Sekomandi

Its philosophical meaning is the eternal union which refers to a saying “until death do us part”

Singayaksa

The Singayaksa motif comes from the name of a place where Sultan Hasanuddin used to

Kaganga Tanah Rejang

If Batik Besurek combines Arabic calligraphy motifs, then the Kaganga batik takes

Paqbarre Allo

The word “Barre” means round and “Allo” means the sunlight. This motif is interpreted as

Bale Lumbu

This motif signifies the welfare of the ancient Sasak society. Bale also symbolizes the

Rutun Penyu

This motif describes the local wisdom which favours modesty and

La Galigo

La Galigo is a literary work of the Buginese Epic that has 300 thousand epic lines. It is considered even

Keluak Daun Pakis

The word “Keluak” is a Minang language which means twisted or tangled. The Motif of

Desa Na Ualu

The Gorga motif of Ualu Village is the symbol of the eight cardinal

Ceplok Gayo Aceh

The variety of colors shows the differences in society that

Bultiya

The word ‘Bultiya’ is an acronym of the three major tribes in North Kalimantan, namely

Srimanganti

The name of the Srimanganti motif is derived from Palace’s hallway that connects to

Bomba Mawar

This motif means sacred love for family, kingdom, and God; It also illustrates

Wirasat

Wirasat or divine inspiration is a gift from God. This inspiration is symbolized by

Peresean

The Peresean is a game that sometimes some kinds of magic are