Cultural Destination

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Al Mashun Historical Mosque of Medan

(photo: @iqbalrois)

Al Mashun Historical Mosque of Medan

The historic mosque is a relic of the Sultanate of Deli. It was built during the reign of Sultan Ma’mun Al Rasyid Perkasa Alam in 1906, and it was designed by architects from the Netherlands. The historic building is an elegant mixture of Indian, European, and Malay cultures.

Cultural Tourism Destination

Al Mashun Historical Mosque of Medan 

Tourist Attractions in North Sumatra

North Sumatra

Batik Motifs

Penari Melayu

Penari Melayu illustrates the traditional dance of Malay ethnic in

Desa Na Ualu

The Gorga motif of Ualu Village is the symbol of the eight cardinal

Desa Na Tolu

The Desa Na Tolu characteristic pattern symbolizes the Batak philosophy of existence and

Gorga Simeol-Meol

The Gorga Simeol-meol is a pattern of plant tendrils. it is regarded as a symbol of longevity and

 

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Indonesian

Batik

Motifs

Sinaran

This pattern originates from Cirebon. It represents the reflection of

Karawo Mahkuta

Mahkuta refers to Gorontalo’s traditional crown. It represents noble characters of

Bale Lumbu

This motif signifies the welfare of the ancient Sasak society. Bale also symbolizes the

Prada Papua

The word “Prada” in the Javanese-Indonesian dialect means a batik textile that

Gajah Mungkur

Semantically, it means a huge longing emotion trapped in the

Merak Lasem

The peacock is considered to be the king of the birds. It represents

Kasih Tak Sampai

‘Kasih Tak Sampai’ is an idiom in the Indonesian language which refers to

Waruga

Minahasa batik motifs are adopted from Waruga. Waruga is the

Tongkonan

Toraja’s traditional house is called Tongkonan. Tongkonan is a place for

Angsa Duo

According to legend, the Angso duo batik motif is a pair of swans that are believed to have led Princess

Kamaro Timika

This motif is inspired by sacred symbols of Kamaro communities in

Pintu Aceh

The motif is inspired by Aceh’s traditional architecture that has

Peresean

The Peresean is a game that sometimes some kinds of magic are

Anggrek Tewu

This motif is created based on the local wisdom and philosophy of

Paqbarre Allo

The word “Barre” means round and “Allo” means the sunlight. This motif is interpreted as

Besurek Rembulan

This batik illustrates praise for God who created the wonderful universe

Rasamala

The Rasamala Batik motif is associated with a story when the Dutch came

Tengkawang Ampiek

With its many advantages, the Dayaks use this leaf in ritual ceremonies. This plant is a symbol of

Raja Ampat

Raja Ampat motif represents the marine life at Raja Ampat archipelago in

Rutun Penyu

This motif describes the local wisdom which favours modesty and

Singayaksa

The Singayaksa motif comes from the name of a place where Sultan Hasanuddin used to

Kuda Sepasang

For the people of Kupang, having a strong horse is a matter of

Durian Pecah

Broken Durian motifs depict the foundation of faith. The second half signifies the mastery of

Wakatobi

It symbolizes the coastal beauty of the Wakatobi island and the symbol of Patra symbolizes

Banji Cirebon

The Banji motif is the symbol of protection and

Srimanganti

The name of the Srimanganti motif is derived from Palace’s hallway that connects to

Salakanagara

Salakanagara batik motif illustrates the first kingdom in the Betawi land

Gigi Haruan Lidi

The Gigi Haruan Lidi motif is taken from the name of the cork fish and is a symbol of

Dayak Kamang

Kamang motif is generally found in the Dayak tribe shield because it is believed to

Tifa Totobuang

The batik motifs illustrate Maluku’s traditional music instrument called

Kerawang Tegak Aceh

The Vertical Upright (Kerawang Tegak) Motif symbolizes a person who has a strong

Burung Bidadari

Bidadari birds are endemic birds in Halmahera. This motif represents an

Rangkiang

The word “Rangkiang” refers to the rice granary in the Minangkabau language. It symbolizes

Desa Na Ualu

The Gorga motif of Ualu Village is the symbol of the eight cardinal

Tangerang Herang

Tangerang Herang motif is a symbol of Tangerang city. The Tangerang Herang batik motif consists of

Gajah Way Kambas

The motif illustrates the Lampung’s natural reserve, the Way Kambas. it also symbolizes

Wirasat

Wirasat or divine inspiration is a gift from God. This inspiration is symbolized by

Tubo Kelapa

Coconut tree is a symbol of a good character and strong mentality. It illustrates the more success a person, the more

Daun Sirih

This motif illustrates betel leaves that are used by Lombok communities as traditional

Mega Mendung

Mega Mendung signifies the cloud. This motif means to stay

Asmat Papua

The batik motif illustrates the Asmat’s sacred tribal motifs that are

Ikan tambal

The word “Ikan” refers to fish. The philosophical meaning of Ikan Tambal means is

Dayak Taghol

Dayak Taghol has a distinctive style of four curved lines and small dots. This motif represents

Sekomandi

Its philosophical meaning is the eternal union which refers to a saying “until death do us part”

Awan Larat Riau

This motif is usually associated with gentleness, wisdom, and

Tidayu

The name of this motif is the acronym of three ethnics namely,

Bultiya

The word ‘Bultiya’ is an acronym of the three major tribes in North Kalimantan, namely

Gentala Arasy

Built as high as 80 meters, the tower also highlights the historical side of

Lipaq Sabe

Lipaq Saqbe contains a simple geometric classical motif with various flower decorations. This textile is

Tenun Bima

The motifs are adopted from Bima woven textile. This pattern has received a great

Karawo Pinang

Pinang refers to the Palm areca tree. This motif is considered as the original

Tanah Liek

The word “Tanah Liek” refers to clay in Minang language. It is also known as

Ceplok Gayo Aceh

The variety of colors shows the differences in society that

Gedhog Kembang Waluh

a combination of Javanese cultural motif of the Majapahit kingdom (XII-XIV century) with

Gamolan

This motif illustrates Gamolan, a bamboo musical instrument of Lampung that is

Enggang Dayak

Local people beliefs that hornbills are an incarnation of the Commander of the Birds. It has supernatural

Penari Melayu

Penari Melayu illustrates the traditional dance of Malay ethnic in

Pisang Bali

This batik motif is usually given by a person to his/her lover who is

Gurdo Solo

Gurdo or garuda bird is the mount of the Indian god Vishnu. As the Sun Bird,

Mahkota Siger

Siger is the crown of a noblewoman in ancient time. It is a symbol of femininity, strength, and

Samudra

This art painting means to be strong-willed person to pursue

Pinawetengan

The Pinawetengan Batik pattern was taken from a prehistoric inscription in

Tampuk Manggis Sasirangan

The motif illustrates the philosophy of the mangosteen fruit, which is

Honai

The Honai is inspired by the traditional house of the Papuan community living in

Bunga Raye

Raye Flower motif also represents a wish for

Desa Na Tolu

The Desa Na Tolu characteristic pattern symbolizes the Batak philosophy of existence and

Pohon Hayat (Tree of Life)

The Batik motifs in Lampung are dominated by the acculturation of Buddhist and

Kaharingan

The Kaharingan or ‘tree of life’ based on the Dayak tribes’ belief system. This tree symbolizes

Tifa Papua

This motif was derived from traditional Papuan musical instruments,

Sandeq

Sandeq Boat is a symbol of the maritime importance of the West Sulawesi region. The greatness of

Tabir Tanjung

Tanjung flower is a type of Cherry tree flower, which is commonly found in

Hiu Taliyasan

Indonesia is also home to the world’s largest fish, the whale shark (Rhincodon typus). Hiu Taliyasan refers to

Taiganja

Taiganja is a precious gold pendant that shows the social status of the Kaili family. It is

Kerawang Datar

This motif symbolizes the embodiment of of religious values for

Buketan Bali

The Balinese bouquet (Buketan Bali) is a floral arrangement and the name is

Pati-Pati Pinehiku

It symbolizes the hierarchy in society and the social status of the Mekongga

Bekantan Pakis

This motif represents Pakis Haji (Polystichum setiferum), an endemic plant in

Kalo Sara

Kalo Sara is a sacred motif for Tolaki ethnic. It is considered as

Parang Rusak

Another meaning behind this motif is an unconquerable spirit, symbolized by

Abimanyu Prince

This motif implies a hope that the wearer will have the wisdom of

Pucuk Rebung Riau

Pucuk Rebung symbolizes heart determination in achieving goals, good luck, and

La Galigo

La Galigo is a literary work of the Buginese Epic that has 300 thousand epic lines. It is considered even

Barong Bali

The Barong refers to the mythological animal with supra-natural

Kuda Kupang

Horses symbolize wealth. It contains noble values of virtuous characters that bring

Merak Ngeram

The hatching peacock motif has a very deep meaning which refers to the sacrifice and

Jupri Kembang Teh

Kembang Teh illustrates the tendrils of tea plants that grow in the highlands of

Tikar Natuna

The Tikar Natuna motif is adapted from the traditional making of pandanus mats in

Kawung

The Kawung motif was created by Sultan Agung Hanyokrokusumo (1593 – 1645) as a symbolic gift for

Biji Kopi

The coffee seeds motif illustrates the pride of local coffee specialities in

Pantai Ambon

Ambon city batik depicts the natural wealth and marine life of

Insang Ikan

Insang refers to the gills of the fish. This is a typical pattern of Malay ethnic who inhabits

Sekar Jati

Sekar means flower and Jati refers to teak trees that symbolizes a strong mental character that

Alam Pantai

The word “Alam Pantai” refers to the natural beauty of

Sero Tangga

The Sero Tangga illustrates an endearing feeling and sacrifices of a person to fulfil

Ukir Sentani

The Ukir motif is a batik motif that is inspired by various traditional Sentani wood carvings

Cengkeh

The clove flower motif is the main commodity of the Tolitoli Regency. This motif represents

Leuit Sijimat

This motif reflects the daily activities of the Baduy tribe in Banten. The main ornaments of batik motif consist of:

Rumah Mamuju

the Batik motif illustrates the house of Mamuju King with the stairs, located on the left of the wooden stage house

Sido Mulyo

Sidomulyo is one of the classical motifs, which is specifically used for the bride’s costume in

Ake Patra

Ake is related to the divinity and the composition of the universe. It is a symbol of