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The Borobudur Temple – UNESCO World Heritage Site

Borobudur Temple Compounds, the UNESCO World Heritage Site (photo: Borobudur Park)

The Borobudur Temple

Famous destination among tourists all over the world, the Borobudur Temple is the biggest Buddhist temple In the world and is inscribed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1991. It has a unique architectural style that reflects Buddhist spiritual values and principles. Surrounded by green hills and lakes, this temple is also situated in a specific location in accordance with astronomical coordinates invented in ancient time. Thanks to this outstanding position, Borobudur temple was appointed as the venue of International Astronomy Olympiad in 2015. The name of “Borobudur” was derived from the Sanskrit words “Vihara Buddah Uhr”, which means the Buddhist Monastery on the hill.

Cultural Tourism Destination

Borobudur Temple – UNESCO World Heritage Sites

Destinasi Wisata di Jawa Tengah

Central Java

Batik Motifs

Parang Seling

Parang Seling or “alternating daggers” is a royal batik motif. It is a feminine variant of

Sido Mulyo

Sidomulyo is one of the classical motifs, which is specifically used for the bride’s costume in

Merak Lasem

The peacock is considered to be the king of the birds. It represents

Gurdo Solo

Gurdo or garuda bird is the mount of the Indian god Vishnu. As the Sun Bird,

 

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Motifs

Tangerang Herang

Tangerang Herang motif is a symbol of Tangerang city. The Tangerang Herang batik motif consists of

Jupri Kembang Teh

Kembang Teh illustrates the tendrils of tea plants that grow in the highlands of

Bomba Mawar

This motif means sacred love for family, kingdom, and God; It also illustrates

Pati-Pati Pinehiku

It symbolizes the hierarchy in society and the social status of the Mekongga

Daun Lada Hitam

The black pepper motif represents the main commodity of Bangka Belitung

Kuda Kupang

Horses symbolize wealth. It contains noble values of virtuous characters that bring

Malinau Cultural Festival

You will witness a unique competition that might not be found other than in

Pinawetengan

The Pinawetengan Batik pattern was taken from a prehistoric inscription in

Bale Lumbu

This motif signifies the welfare of the ancient Sasak society. Bale also symbolizes the

Sekomandi

Its philosophical meaning is the eternal union which refers to a saying “until death do us part”

Pintu Aceh

The motif is inspired by Aceh’s traditional architecture that has

Biji Kopi

The coffee seeds motif illustrates the pride of local coffee specialities in

Gumin Tambun

Based on Hindu mythology, this motif symbolizes lucks, abundant wealth, and

Mahkota Siger

Siger is the crown of a noblewoman in ancient time. It is a symbol of femininity, strength, and

Gigi Haruan Lidi

The Gigi Haruan Lidi motif is taken from the name of the cork fish and is a symbol of

Karawo Pinang

Pinang refers to the Palm areca tree. This motif is considered as the original

Kasih Tak Sampai

‘Kasih Tak Sampai’ is an idiom in the Indonesian language which refers to

Kawung

The Kawung motif was created by Sultan Agung Hanyokrokusumo (1593 – 1645) as a symbolic gift for

Durian Pecah

Broken Durian motifs depict the foundation of faith. The second half signifies the mastery of

Pisang Bali

This batik motif is usually given by a person to his/her lover who is

Ondel-ondel

Ondel – ondel is Betawi traditional icons. This motif signifies

Sekar Jati

Sekar means flower and Jati refers to teak trees that symbolizes a strong mental character that

Prada Papua

The word “Prada” in the Javanese-Indonesian dialect means a batik textile that

Wakatobi

It symbolizes the coastal beauty of the Wakatobi island and the symbol of Patra symbolizes

Gamolan

This motif illustrates Gamolan, a bamboo musical instrument of Lampung that is

Ukir Sentani

The Ukir motif is a batik motif that is inspired by various traditional Sentani wood carvings

Rutun Penyu

This motif describes the local wisdom which favours modesty and

Gajah Way Kambas

The motif illustrates the Lampung’s natural reserve, the Way Kambas. it also symbolizes

Wirasat

Wirasat or divine inspiration is a gift from God. This inspiration is symbolized by

Honai

The Honai is inspired by the traditional house of the Papuan community living in

Merak Lasem

The peacock is considered to be the king of the birds. It represents

Bayam Raja

The Raja Bayam Sasirangan motif illustrates the social status of

Barong Bali

The Barong refers to the mythological animal with supra-natural

Teluk Tomini

This motif illustrates the beauty of underwater life in

Kaganga Tanah Rejang

If Batik Besurek combines Arabic calligraphy motifs, then the Kaganga batik takes

Peresean

The Peresean is a game that sometimes some kinds of magic are

Leuit Sijimat

This motif reflects the daily activities of the Baduy tribe in Banten. The main ornaments of batik motif consist of:

Gorga Simeol-Meol

The Gorga Simeol-meol is a pattern of plant tendrils. it is regarded as a symbol of longevity and

Bultiya

The word ‘Bultiya’ is an acronym of the three major tribes in North Kalimantan, namely

Anggrek Tewu

This motif is created based on the local wisdom and philosophy of

Gedhog Kembang Waluh

a combination of Javanese cultural motif of the Majapahit kingdom (XII-XIV century) with

Bunga Raye

Raye Flower motif also represents a wish for

Kerawang Datar

This motif symbolizes the embodiment of of religious values for

Paqbarre Allo

The word “Barre” means round and “Allo” means the sunlight. This motif is interpreted as

Ake Patra

Ake is related to the divinity and the composition of the universe. It is a symbol of

Burung Bidadari

Bidadari birds are endemic birds in Halmahera. This motif represents an

Raja Ampat

Raja Ampat motif represents the marine life at Raja Ampat archipelago in

Bekantan Pakis

This motif represents Pakis Haji (Polystichum setiferum), an endemic plant in

Tongkonan

Toraja’s traditional house is called Tongkonan. Tongkonan is a place for

Tanah Liek

The word “Tanah Liek” refers to clay in Minang language. It is also known as

Srimanganti

The name of the Srimanganti motif is derived from Palace’s hallway that connects to

Awan Berarak

Awan Berarak is a combination of Dayak motifs and Malay patterns. The word ‘Awan Berarak’ means the

Gonggong Beruntun

This motif illustrates that a person should maintain a positive attitude and

La Galigo

La Galigo is a literary work of the Buginese Epic that has 300 thousand epic lines. It is considered even

Pattimura

Pattimura is the name of an Indonesian hero who fought against colonialism in

Pala Salawaku

This motif illustrates the unique weapons of the Maluku region, namely

Singayaksa

The Singayaksa motif comes from the name of a place where Sultan Hasanuddin used to

Gentala Arasy

Built as high as 80 meters, the tower also highlights the historical side of

Kaharingan

The Kaharingan or ‘tree of life’ based on the Dayak tribes’ belief system. This tree symbolizes

Buketan Bali

The Balinese bouquet (Buketan Bali) is a floral arrangement and the name is

Parang Seling

Parang Seling or “alternating daggers” is a royal batik motif. It is a feminine variant of

Jagung

The philosophy of the corn motif illustrates the dream and

Lok Baintan Floating Market

As you can imagine, the most authentic thing is that you can buy things and even

Waruga

Minahasa batik motifs are adopted from Waruga. Waruga is the

Alam Pantai

The word “Alam Pantai” refers to the natural beauty of

Desa Na Ualu

The Gorga motif of Ualu Village is the symbol of the eight cardinal

Gonggong Siput

Gonggong (Strombus Turturella) is one type of sea snail found around

Dayak Kamang

Kamang motif is generally found in the Dayak tribe shield because it is believed to

Tampuk Manggis Sasirangan

The motif illustrates the philosophy of the mangosteen fruit, which is

Sandeq

Sandeq Boat is a symbol of the maritime importance of the West Sulawesi region. The greatness of

Ikan tambal

The word “Ikan” refers to fish. The philosophical meaning of Ikan Tambal means is

Tikar Natuna

The Tikar Natuna motif is adapted from the traditional making of pandanus mats in

Kuda Sepasang

For the people of Kupang, having a strong horse is a matter of

Pohon Hayat (Tree of Life)

The Batik motifs in Lampung are dominated by the acculturation of Buddhist and

Desa Na Tolu

The Desa Na Tolu characteristic pattern symbolizes the Batak philosophy of existence and

Kamaro Timika

This motif is inspired by sacred symbols of Kamaro communities in

Merak Ngeram

The hatching peacock motif has a very deep meaning which refers to the sacrifice and

Manguni Minahasa

Manguni is identified as the symbol of the Minahasa people. Manguni is known as a

Besurek Rafflesia

The term “Basurek” refers to a textile that contains letters or inscriptions

Enggang Dayak

Local people beliefs that hornbills are an incarnation of the Commander of the Birds. It has supernatural

Asmat Papua

The batik motif illustrates the Asmat’s sacred tribal motifs that are

Tenun Bima

The motifs are adopted from Bima woven textile. This pattern has received a great

Gurdo Solo

Gurdo or garuda bird is the mount of the Indian god Vishnu. As the Sun Bird,

Pantai Ambon

Ambon city batik depicts the natural wealth and marine life of

Tengkawang Ampiek

With its many advantages, the Dayaks use this leaf in ritual ceremonies. This plant is a symbol of

Sido Mulyo

Sidomulyo is one of the classical motifs, which is specifically used for the bride’s costume in

Penari Melayu

Penari Melayu illustrates the traditional dance of Malay ethnic in

Cengkeh

The clove flower motif is the main commodity of the Tolitoli Regency. This motif represents

Abimanyu Prince

This motif implies a hope that the wearer will have the wisdom of

Dayak Taghol

Dayak Taghol has a distinctive style of four curved lines and small dots. This motif represents

Angsa Duo

According to legend, the Angso duo batik motif is a pair of swans that are believed to have led Princess

Banji Cirebon

The Banji motif is the symbol of protection and

Rumah Mamuju

the Batik motif illustrates the house of Mamuju King with the stairs, located on the left of the wooden stage house

Parang Rusak

Another meaning behind this motif is an unconquerable spirit, symbolized by

Karawo Mahkuta

Mahkuta refers to Gorontalo’s traditional crown. It represents noble characters of

Tidayu

The name of this motif is the acronym of three ethnics namely,

Pucuk Mekar

This motive reflects the joy and gratitude to God over the grace of

Lipaq Sabe

Lipaq Saqbe contains a simple geometric classical motif with various flower decorations. This textile is

Besurek Rembulan

This batik illustrates praise for God who created the wonderful universe

Tubo Kelapa

Coconut tree is a symbol of a good character and strong mentality. It illustrates the more success a person, the more