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The Borobudur Temple – UNESCO World Heritage Site

Borobudur Temple Compounds, the UNESCO World Heritage Site (photo: Borobudur Park)

The Borobudur Temple

Famous destination among tourists all over the world, the Borobudur Temple is the biggest Buddhist temple In the world and is inscribed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1991. It has a unique architectural style that reflects Buddhist spiritual values and principles. Surrounded by green hills and lakes, this temple is also situated in a specific location in accordance with astronomical coordinates invented in ancient time. Thanks to this outstanding position, Borobudur temple was appointed as the venue of International Astronomy Olympiad in 2015. The name of “Borobudur” was derived from the Sanskrit words “Vihara Buddah Uhr”, which means the Buddhist Monastery on the hill.

Cultural Tourism Destination

Borobudur Temple – UNESCO World Heritage Sites

Destinasi Wisata di Jawa Tengah

Central Java

Batik Motifs

Gurdo Solo

Gurdo or garuda bird is the mount of the Indian god Vishnu. As the Sun Bird,

Merak Lasem

The peacock is considered to be the king of the birds. It represents

Parang Seling

Parang Seling or “alternating daggers” is a royal batik motif. It is a feminine variant of

Sido Mulyo

Sidomulyo is one of the classical motifs, which is specifically used for the bride’s costume in

 

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Indonesian

Batik

Motifs

Abimanyu Prince

This motif implies a hope that the wearer will have the wisdom of

Angsa Duo

According to legend, the Angso duo batik motif is a pair of swans that are believed to have led Princess

Malinau Cultural Festival

You will witness a unique competition that might not be found other than in

Gedhog Kembang Waluh

a combination of Javanese cultural motif of the Majapahit kingdom (XII-XIV century) with

Ukir Sentani

The Ukir motif is a batik motif that is inspired by various traditional Sentani wood carvings

Daun Lada Hitam

The black pepper motif represents the main commodity of Bangka Belitung

Waruga

Minahasa batik motifs are adopted from Waruga. Waruga is the

Bayam Raja

The Raja Bayam Sasirangan motif illustrates the social status of

Pisang Bali

This batik motif is usually given by a person to his/her lover who is

Tikar Natuna

The Tikar Natuna motif is adapted from the traditional making of pandanus mats in

Taiganja

Taiganja is a precious gold pendant that shows the social status of the Kaili family. It is

Manguni Minahasa

Manguni is identified as the symbol of the Minahasa people. Manguni is known as a

Gamolan

This motif illustrates Gamolan, a bamboo musical instrument of Lampung that is

Awan Larat Riau

This motif is usually associated with gentleness, wisdom, and

Teguh Bersatu

This batik motif shows the strength of the people of Kupang. It also represents a sense of

Kerawang Tegak Aceh

The Vertical Upright (Kerawang Tegak) Motif symbolizes a person who has a strong

Tengkawang Ampiek

With its many advantages, the Dayaks use this leaf in ritual ceremonies. This plant is a symbol of

Biji Kopi

The coffee seeds motif illustrates the pride of local coffee specialities in

Bekantan Pakis

This motif represents Pakis Haji (Polystichum setiferum), an endemic plant in

Ake Patra

Ake is related to the divinity and the composition of the universe. It is a symbol of

Besurek Rafflesia

The term “Basurek” refers to a textile that contains letters or inscriptions

Mahkota Siger

Siger is the crown of a noblewoman in ancient time. It is a symbol of femininity, strength, and

Tubo Kelapa

Coconut tree is a symbol of a good character and strong mentality. It illustrates the more success a person, the more

Pati-Pati Pinehiku

It symbolizes the hierarchy in society and the social status of the Mekongga

Keluak Daun Pakis

The word “Keluak” is a Minang language which means twisted or tangled. The Motif of

Parang Seling

Parang Seling or “alternating daggers” is a royal batik motif. It is a feminine variant of

Kain Cual

Cual textile tradition has existed since the 17th century. The word “Cual” refers to

Awan Berarak

Awan Berarak is a combination of Dayak motifs and Malay patterns. The word ‘Awan Berarak’ means the

La Galigo

La Galigo is a literary work of the Buginese Epic that has 300 thousand epic lines. It is considered even

Gurdo Solo

Gurdo or garuda bird is the mount of the Indian god Vishnu. As the Sun Bird,

Tifa Totobuang

The batik motifs illustrate Maluku’s traditional music instrument called

Insang Ikan

Insang refers to the gills of the fish. This is a typical pattern of Malay ethnic who inhabits

Banji Cirebon

The Banji motif is the symbol of protection and

Tifa Papua

This motif was derived from traditional Papuan musical instruments,

Merak Lasem

The peacock is considered to be the king of the birds. It represents

Gajah Way Kambas

The motif illustrates the Lampung’s natural reserve, the Way Kambas. it also symbolizes

Dayak Kamang

Kamang motif is generally found in the Dayak tribe shield because it is believed to

Bintik Tujuh

The Bintik Tujuh (Seven Dots) motif has 7 white spots and green color gradation as

Buketan Bali

The Balinese bouquet (Buketan Bali) is a floral arrangement and the name is

Pintu Aceh

The motif is inspired by Aceh’s traditional architecture that has

Singayaksa

The Singayaksa motif comes from the name of a place where Sultan Hasanuddin used to

Tenun Bima

The motifs are adopted from Bima woven textile. This pattern has received a great

Tabir Tanjung

Tanjung flower is a type of Cherry tree flower, which is commonly found in

Anggrek Tewu

This motif is created based on the local wisdom and philosophy of

Barong Bali

The Barong refers to the mythological animal with supra-natural

Pinawetengan

The Pinawetengan Batik pattern was taken from a prehistoric inscription in

Burung Bidadari

Bidadari birds are endemic birds in Halmahera. This motif represents an

Gonggong Siput

Gonggong (Strombus Turturella) is one type of sea snail found around

Sido Mulyo

Sidomulyo is one of the classical motifs, which is specifically used for the bride’s costume in

Besurek Rembulan

This batik illustrates praise for God who created the wonderful universe

Daun Sirih

This motif illustrates betel leaves that are used by Lombok communities as traditional

Tidayu

The name of this motif is the acronym of three ethnics namely,

Wirasat

Wirasat or divine inspiration is a gift from God. This inspiration is symbolized by

Jagung

The philosophy of the corn motif illustrates the dream and

Bomba Mawar

This motif means sacred love for family, kingdom, and God; It also illustrates

Kerawang Datar

This motif symbolizes the embodiment of of religious values for

Kamaro Timika

This motif is inspired by sacred symbols of Kamaro communities in

Asmat Papua

The batik motif illustrates the Asmat’s sacred tribal motifs that are

Teluk Tomini

This motif illustrates the beauty of underwater life in

Ikan tambal

The word “Ikan” refers to fish. The philosophical meaning of Ikan Tambal means is

Rutun Penyu

This motif describes the local wisdom which favours modesty and

Pucuk Rebung Riau

Pucuk Rebung symbolizes heart determination in achieving goals, good luck, and

Tongkonan

Toraja’s traditional house is called Tongkonan. Tongkonan is a place for

Kalo Sara

Kalo Sara is a sacred motif for Tolaki ethnic. It is considered as

Rumah Mamuju

the Batik motif illustrates the house of Mamuju King with the stairs, located on the left of the wooden stage house

Jumputan Bintang

The word Jumputan means the tie-dye technique, while the word “Bintang” refers to

Gentala Arasy

Built as high as 80 meters, the tower also highlights the historical side of

Parang Rusak

Another meaning behind this motif is an unconquerable spirit, symbolized by

Karawo Pinang

Pinang refers to the Palm areca tree. This motif is considered as the original

Mega Mendung

Mega Mendung signifies the cloud. This motif means to stay

Ceplok Gayo Aceh

The variety of colors shows the differences in society that

Bale Lumbu

This motif signifies the welfare of the ancient Sasak society. Bale also symbolizes the

Prada Papua

The word “Prada” in the Javanese-Indonesian dialect means a batik textile that

Pohon Hayat (Tree of Life)

The Batik motifs in Lampung are dominated by the acculturation of Buddhist and

Leuit Sijimat

This motif reflects the daily activities of the Baduy tribe in Banten. The main ornaments of batik motif consist of:

Durian Pecah

Broken Durian motifs depict the foundation of faith. The second half signifies the mastery of

Dayak Taghol

Dayak Taghol has a distinctive style of four curved lines and small dots. This motif represents

Sekomandi

Its philosophical meaning is the eternal union which refers to a saying “until death do us part”

Kaganga Tanah Rejang

If Batik Besurek combines Arabic calligraphy motifs, then the Kaganga batik takes

Peresean

The Peresean is a game that sometimes some kinds of magic are

Desa Na Ualu

The Gorga motif of Ualu Village is the symbol of the eight cardinal

Ondel-ondel

Ondel – ondel is Betawi traditional icons. This motif signifies

Enggang Dayak

Local people beliefs that hornbills are an incarnation of the Commander of the Birds. It has supernatural

Lipaq Sabe

Lipaq Saqbe contains a simple geometric classical motif with various flower decorations. This textile is

Kuda Sepasang

For the people of Kupang, having a strong horse is a matter of

Pattimura

Pattimura is the name of an Indonesian hero who fought against colonialism in

Bunga Raye

Raye Flower motif also represents a wish for

Kuda Kupang

Horses symbolize wealth. It contains noble values of virtuous characters that bring

Pala Salawaku

This motif illustrates the unique weapons of the Maluku region, namely

Hiu Taliyasan

Indonesia is also home to the world’s largest fish, the whale shark (Rhincodon typus). Hiu Taliyasan refers to

Honai

The Honai is inspired by the traditional house of the Papuan community living in

Desa Na Tolu

The Desa Na Tolu characteristic pattern symbolizes the Batak philosophy of existence and

Gonggong Beruntun

This motif illustrates that a person should maintain a positive attitude and

Kasih Tak Sampai

‘Kasih Tak Sampai’ is an idiom in the Indonesian language which refers to

Jupri Kembang Teh

Kembang Teh illustrates the tendrils of tea plants that grow in the highlands of

Gajah Mungkur

Semantically, it means a huge longing emotion trapped in the

Sero Tangga

The Sero Tangga illustrates an endearing feeling and sacrifices of a person to fulfil

Tanah Liek

The word “Tanah Liek” refers to clay in Minang language. It is also known as

Penari Melayu

Penari Melayu illustrates the traditional dance of Malay ethnic in

Karawo Mahkuta

Mahkuta refers to Gorontalo’s traditional crown. It represents noble characters of