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Trowulan – Majapahit Royal Heritage Site

Wringin Lawang is one of the temples located within the Majapahit historical site (photo: Zainarrifin)

Trowulan – Majapahit Royal Heritage Site

Situated in Trowulan, Mojokerto city, this site is the remains of a cut-stone religious temple complex. It was built during the rule of Majapahit Kingdom, one of the biggest empires in Southeast Asia that existed from circa 1293 to 1527. They were erected as memorial for rulers and their families. After the death of a king or queen, many rites were held to guide the dead rulers’ souls back to the source from which it had originated. Trowulan is not only a site with remnants of temples or religious buildings, but also profane objects associated with supporting objects of an ancient city, such as irrigation facilities, gates, settlements, etc.

Cultural Tourism Destination

Trowulan – Majapahit Royal Heritage Site

Tourist Attractions in East Java

East Java

Batik Motifs

Sekar Jati

Sekar means flower and Jati refers to teak trees that symbolizes a strong mental character that

Gedhog Kembang Waluh

a combination of Javanese cultural motif of the Majapahit kingdom (XII-XIV century) with

Gajah Mungkur

Semantically, it means a huge longing emotion trapped in the

Samudra

This art painting means to be strong-willed person to pursue

 

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Indonesian

Batik

Motifs

Kalo Sara

Kalo Sara is a sacred motif for Tolaki ethnic. It is considered as

Pucuk Rebung Riau

Pucuk Rebung symbolizes heart determination in achieving goals, good luck, and

Prada Papua

The word “Prada” in the Javanese-Indonesian dialect means a batik textile that

Merak Ngeram

The hatching peacock motif has a very deep meaning which refers to the sacrifice and

Rutun Penyu

This motif describes the local wisdom which favours modesty and

Bomba Mawar

This motif means sacred love for family, kingdom, and God; It also illustrates

Mega Mendung

Mega Mendung signifies the cloud. This motif means to stay

Ukir Sentani

The Ukir motif is a batik motif that is inspired by various traditional Sentani wood carvings

Gonggong Siput

Gonggong (Strombus Turturella) is one type of sea snail found around

Lipaq Sabe

Lipaq Saqbe contains a simple geometric classical motif with various flower decorations. This textile is

Awan Larat Riau

This motif is usually associated with gentleness, wisdom, and

Kamaro Timika

This motif is inspired by sacred symbols of Kamaro communities in

Gentala Arasy

Built as high as 80 meters, the tower also highlights the historical side of

Sinaran

This pattern originates from Cirebon. It represents the reflection of

Tenun Bima

The motifs are adopted from Bima woven textile. This pattern has received a great

Besurek Rembulan

This batik illustrates praise for God who created the wonderful universe

Kain Cual

Cual textile tradition has existed since the 17th century. The word “Cual” refers to

Bayam Raja

The Raja Bayam Sasirangan motif illustrates the social status of

Angsa Duo

According to legend, the Angso duo batik motif is a pair of swans that are believed to have led Princess

Rangkiang

The word “Rangkiang” refers to the rice granary in the Minangkabau language. It symbolizes

Bultiya

The word ‘Bultiya’ is an acronym of the three major tribes in North Kalimantan, namely

Raja Ampat

Raja Ampat motif represents the marine life at Raja Ampat archipelago in

Awan Berarak

Awan Berarak is a combination of Dayak motifs and Malay patterns. The word ‘Awan Berarak’ means the

Malinau Cultural Festival

You will witness a unique competition that might not be found other than in

Pala Salawaku

This motif illustrates the unique weapons of the Maluku region, namely

Tabir Tanjung

Tanjung flower is a type of Cherry tree flower, which is commonly found in

Asmat Papua

The batik motif illustrates the Asmat’s sacred tribal motifs that are

Teluk Tomini

This motif illustrates the beauty of underwater life in

Tidayu

The name of this motif is the acronym of three ethnics namely,

Tongkonan

Toraja’s traditional house is called Tongkonan. Tongkonan is a place for

Pisang Bali

This batik motif is usually given by a person to his/her lover who is

Kaharingan

The Kaharingan or ‘tree of life’ based on the Dayak tribes’ belief system. This tree symbolizes

Rumah Mamuju

the Batik motif illustrates the house of Mamuju King with the stairs, located on the left of the wooden stage house

Daun Simpor

This motif is inspired by the Simpor plant (Dillenia Suffruticosa) which is a typical

Ikan tambal

The word “Ikan” refers to fish. The philosophical meaning of Ikan Tambal means is

Gedhog Kembang Waluh

a combination of Javanese cultural motif of the Majapahit kingdom (XII-XIV century) with

Bintik Tujuh

The Bintik Tujuh (Seven Dots) motif has 7 white spots and green color gradation as

Gonggong Beruntun

This motif illustrates that a person should maintain a positive attitude and

Daun Lada Hitam

The black pepper motif represents the main commodity of Bangka Belitung

Mahkota Siger

Siger is the crown of a noblewoman in ancient time. It is a symbol of femininity, strength, and

Buketan Bali

The Balinese bouquet (Buketan Bali) is a floral arrangement and the name is

Pantai Ambon

Ambon city batik depicts the natural wealth and marine life of

Pati-Pati Pinehiku

It symbolizes the hierarchy in society and the social status of the Mekongga

Tampuk Manggis Sasirangan

The motif illustrates the philosophy of the mangosteen fruit, which is

Barong Bali

The Barong refers to the mythological animal with supra-natural

Waruga

Minahasa batik motifs are adopted from Waruga. Waruga is the

Pinawetengan

The Pinawetengan Batik pattern was taken from a prehistoric inscription in

Daun Sirih

This motif illustrates betel leaves that are used by Lombok communities as traditional

Tangerang Herang

Tangerang Herang motif is a symbol of Tangerang city. The Tangerang Herang batik motif consists of

Karawo Mahkuta

Mahkuta refers to Gorontalo’s traditional crown. It represents noble characters of

Cengkeh

The clove flower motif is the main commodity of the Tolitoli Regency. This motif represents

La Galigo

La Galigo is a literary work of the Buginese Epic that has 300 thousand epic lines. It is considered even

Pintu Aceh

The motif is inspired by Aceh’s traditional architecture that has

Sekar Jati

Sekar means flower and Jati refers to teak trees that symbolizes a strong mental character that

Sekomandi

Its philosophical meaning is the eternal union which refers to a saying “until death do us part”

Abimanyu Prince

This motif implies a hope that the wearer will have the wisdom of

Lok Baintan Floating Market

As you can imagine, the most authentic thing is that you can buy things and even

Karawo Pinang

Pinang refers to the Palm areca tree. This motif is considered as the original

Gajah Mungkur

Semantically, it means a huge longing emotion trapped in the

Dayak Kamang

Kamang motif is generally found in the Dayak tribe shield because it is believed to

Durian Pecah

Broken Durian motifs depict the foundation of faith. The second half signifies the mastery of

Jagung

The philosophy of the corn motif illustrates the dream and

Tengkawang Ampiek

With its many advantages, the Dayaks use this leaf in ritual ceremonies. This plant is a symbol of

Tubo Kelapa

Coconut tree is a symbol of a good character and strong mentality. It illustrates the more success a person, the more

Srimanganti

The name of the Srimanganti motif is derived from Palace’s hallway that connects to

Gurdo Solo

Gurdo or garuda bird is the mount of the Indian god Vishnu. As the Sun Bird,

Bekantan Pakis

This motif represents Pakis Haji (Polystichum setiferum), an endemic plant in

Pohon Hayat (Tree of Life)

The Batik motifs in Lampung are dominated by the acculturation of Buddhist and

Peresean

The Peresean is a game that sometimes some kinds of magic are

Hiu Taliyasan

Indonesia is also home to the world’s largest fish, the whale shark (Rhincodon typus). Hiu Taliyasan refers to

Burung Bidadari

Bidadari birds are endemic birds in Halmahera. This motif represents an

Kerawang Tegak Aceh

The Vertical Upright (Kerawang Tegak) Motif symbolizes a person who has a strong

Enggang Dayak

Local people beliefs that hornbills are an incarnation of the Commander of the Birds. It has supernatural

Tikar Natuna

The Tikar Natuna motif is adapted from the traditional making of pandanus mats in

Sido Mulyo

Sidomulyo is one of the classical motifs, which is specifically used for the bride’s costume in

Teguh Bersatu

This batik motif shows the strength of the people of Kupang. It also represents a sense of

Sero Tangga

The Sero Tangga illustrates an endearing feeling and sacrifices of a person to fulfil

Bale Lumbu

This motif signifies the welfare of the ancient Sasak society. Bale also symbolizes the

Besurek Rafflesia

The term “Basurek” refers to a textile that contains letters or inscriptions

Kerawang Datar

This motif symbolizes the embodiment of of religious values for

Anggrek Tewu

This motif is created based on the local wisdom and philosophy of

Samudra

This art painting means to be strong-willed person to pursue

Kuda Sepasang

For the people of Kupang, having a strong horse is a matter of

Kasih Tak Sampai

‘Kasih Tak Sampai’ is an idiom in the Indonesian language which refers to

Bunga Raye

Raye Flower motif also represents a wish for

Manguni Minahasa

Manguni is identified as the symbol of the Minahasa people. Manguni is known as a

Keluak Daun Pakis

The word “Keluak” is a Minang language which means twisted or tangled. The Motif of

Honai

The Honai is inspired by the traditional house of the Papuan community living in

Tanah Liek

The word “Tanah Liek” refers to clay in Minang language. It is also known as

Rasamala

The Rasamala Batik motif is associated with a story when the Dutch came

Banji Cirebon

The Banji motif is the symbol of protection and

Merak Lasem

The peacock is considered to be the king of the birds. It represents

Gorga Simeol-Meol

The Gorga Simeol-meol is a pattern of plant tendrils. it is regarded as a symbol of longevity and

Biji Kopi

The coffee seeds motif illustrates the pride of local coffee specialities in

Gigi Haruan Lidi

The Gigi Haruan Lidi motif is taken from the name of the cork fish and is a symbol of

Tifa Papua

This motif was derived from traditional Papuan musical instruments,

Salakanagara

Salakanagara batik motif illustrates the first kingdom in the Betawi land

Gumin Tambun

Based on Hindu mythology, this motif symbolizes lucks, abundant wealth, and

Singayaksa

The Singayaksa motif comes from the name of a place where Sultan Hasanuddin used to

Penari Melayu

Penari Melayu illustrates the traditional dance of Malay ethnic in