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Trowulan – Majapahit Royal Heritage Site

Wringin Lawang is one of the temples located within the Majapahit historical site (photo: Zainarrifin)

Trowulan – Majapahit Royal Heritage Site

Situated in Trowulan, Mojokerto city, this site is the remains of a cut-stone religious temple complex. It was built during the rule of Majapahit Kingdom, one of the biggest empires in Southeast Asia that existed from circa 1293 to 1527. They were erected as memorial for rulers and their families. After the death of a king or queen, many rites were held to guide the dead rulers’ souls back to the source from which it had originated. Trowulan is not only a site with remnants of temples or religious buildings, but also profane objects associated with supporting objects of an ancient city, such as irrigation facilities, gates, settlements, etc.

Cultural Tourism Destination

Trowulan – Majapahit Royal Heritage Site

Tourist Attractions in East Java

East Java

Batik Motifs

Sekar Jati

Sekar means flower and Jati refers to teak trees that symbolizes a strong mental character that

Samudra

This art painting means to be strong-willed person to pursue

Gedhog Kembang Waluh

a combination of Javanese cultural motif of the Majapahit kingdom (XII-XIV century) with

Gajah Mungkur

Semantically, it means a huge longing emotion trapped in the

 

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Indonesian

Batik

Motifs

Alam Pantai

The word “Alam Pantai” refers to the natural beauty of

Bomba Mawar

This motif means sacred love for family, kingdom, and God; It also illustrates

Lipaq Sabe

Lipaq Saqbe contains a simple geometric classical motif with various flower decorations. This textile is

Ikan tambal

The word “Ikan” refers to fish. The philosophical meaning of Ikan Tambal means is

Kamaro Timika

This motif is inspired by sacred symbols of Kamaro communities in

Kain Cual

Cual textile tradition has existed since the 17th century. The word “Cual” refers to

Besurek Rafflesia

The term “Basurek” refers to a textile that contains letters or inscriptions

Daun Sirih

This motif illustrates betel leaves that are used by Lombok communities as traditional

Abimanyu Prince

This motif implies a hope that the wearer will have the wisdom of

Biji Kopi

The coffee seeds motif illustrates the pride of local coffee specialities in

Gonggong Siput

Gonggong (Strombus Turturella) is one type of sea snail found around

Gumin Tambun

Based on Hindu mythology, this motif symbolizes lucks, abundant wealth, and

Waruga

Minahasa batik motifs are adopted from Waruga. Waruga is the

Jupri Kembang Teh

Kembang Teh illustrates the tendrils of tea plants that grow in the highlands of

Ondel-ondel

Ondel – ondel is Betawi traditional icons. This motif signifies

Hiu Taliyasan

Indonesia is also home to the world’s largest fish, the whale shark (Rhincodon typus). Hiu Taliyasan refers to

Tifa Papua

This motif was derived from traditional Papuan musical instruments,

Burung Bidadari

Bidadari birds are endemic birds in Halmahera. This motif represents an

Teguh Bersatu

This batik motif shows the strength of the people of Kupang. It also represents a sense of

Pucuk Mekar

This motive reflects the joy and gratitude to God over the grace of

Tongkonan

Toraja’s traditional house is called Tongkonan. Tongkonan is a place for

Pantai Ambon

Ambon city batik depicts the natural wealth and marine life of

Mega Mendung

Mega Mendung signifies the cloud. This motif means to stay

Ceplok Gayo Aceh

The variety of colors shows the differences in society that

Kuda Sepasang

For the people of Kupang, having a strong horse is a matter of

Samudra

This art painting means to be strong-willed person to pursue

Daun Lada Hitam

The black pepper motif represents the main commodity of Bangka Belitung

Raja Ampat

Raja Ampat motif represents the marine life at Raja Ampat archipelago in

Tikar Natuna

The Tikar Natuna motif is adapted from the traditional making of pandanus mats in

Manguni Minahasa

Manguni is identified as the symbol of the Minahasa people. Manguni is known as a

Pintu Aceh

The motif is inspired by Aceh’s traditional architecture that has

Rangkiang

The word “Rangkiang” refers to the rice granary in the Minangkabau language. It symbolizes

Gentala Arasy

Built as high as 80 meters, the tower also highlights the historical side of

La Galigo

La Galigo is a literary work of the Buginese Epic that has 300 thousand epic lines. It is considered even

Kasih Tak Sampai

‘Kasih Tak Sampai’ is an idiom in the Indonesian language which refers to

Desa Na Tolu

The Desa Na Tolu characteristic pattern symbolizes the Batak philosophy of existence and

Gajah Mungkur

Semantically, it means a huge longing emotion trapped in the

Gurdo Solo

Gurdo or garuda bird is the mount of the Indian god Vishnu. As the Sun Bird,

Sido Mulyo

Sidomulyo is one of the classical motifs, which is specifically used for the bride’s costume in

Desa Na Ualu

The Gorga motif of Ualu Village is the symbol of the eight cardinal

Tidayu

The name of this motif is the acronym of three ethnics namely,

Tabir Tanjung

Tanjung flower is a type of Cherry tree flower, which is commonly found in

Tanah Liek

The word “Tanah Liek” refers to clay in Minang language. It is also known as

Bale Lumbu

This motif signifies the welfare of the ancient Sasak society. Bale also symbolizes the

Lontara

The Lontara script itself is a typical ancient script of Bugis and Makassar communities. History records that

Bintik Tujuh

The Bintik Tujuh (Seven Dots) motif has 7 white spots and green color gradation as

Kerawang Tegak Aceh

The Vertical Upright (Kerawang Tegak) Motif symbolizes a person who has a strong

Gorga Simeol-Meol

The Gorga Simeol-meol is a pattern of plant tendrils. it is regarded as a symbol of longevity and

Penari Melayu

Penari Melayu illustrates the traditional dance of Malay ethnic in

Tenun Bima

The motifs are adopted from Bima woven textile. This pattern has received a great

Kerawang Datar

This motif symbolizes the embodiment of of religious values for

Sekomandi

Its philosophical meaning is the eternal union which refers to a saying “until death do us part”

Wakatobi

It symbolizes the coastal beauty of the Wakatobi island and the symbol of Patra symbolizes

Tengkawang Ampiek

With its many advantages, the Dayaks use this leaf in ritual ceremonies. This plant is a symbol of

Cengkeh

The clove flower motif is the main commodity of the Tolitoli Regency. This motif represents

Bayam Raja

The Raja Bayam Sasirangan motif illustrates the social status of

Wirasat

Wirasat or divine inspiration is a gift from God. This inspiration is symbolized by

Pala Salawaku

This motif illustrates the unique weapons of the Maluku region, namely

Gigi Haruan Lidi

The Gigi Haruan Lidi motif is taken from the name of the cork fish and is a symbol of

Jumputan Bintang

The word Jumputan means the tie-dye technique, while the word “Bintang” refers to

Pisang Bali

This batik motif is usually given by a person to his/her lover who is

Paqbarre Allo

The word “Barre” means round and “Allo” means the sunlight. This motif is interpreted as

Prada Papua

The word “Prada” in the Javanese-Indonesian dialect means a batik textile that

Tifa Totobuang

The batik motifs illustrate Maluku’s traditional music instrument called

Dayak Taghol

Dayak Taghol has a distinctive style of four curved lines and small dots. This motif represents

Kalo Sara

Kalo Sara is a sacred motif for Tolaki ethnic. It is considered as

Merak Lasem

The peacock is considered to be the king of the birds. It represents

Bunga Raye

Raye Flower motif also represents a wish for

Leuit Sijimat

This motif reflects the daily activities of the Baduy tribe in Banten. The main ornaments of batik motif consist of:

Lok Baintan Floating Market

As you can imagine, the most authentic thing is that you can buy things and even

Salakanagara

Salakanagara batik motif illustrates the first kingdom in the Betawi land

Kawung

The Kawung motif was created by Sultan Agung Hanyokrokusumo (1593 – 1645) as a symbolic gift for

Sinaran

This pattern originates from Cirebon. It represents the reflection of

Enggang Dayak

Local people beliefs that hornbills are an incarnation of the Commander of the Birds. It has supernatural

Pohon Hayat (Tree of Life)

The Batik motifs in Lampung are dominated by the acculturation of Buddhist and

Keluak Daun Pakis

The word “Keluak” is a Minang language which means twisted or tangled. The Motif of

Sandeq

Sandeq Boat is a symbol of the maritime importance of the West Sulawesi region. The greatness of

Malinau Cultural Festival

You will witness a unique competition that might not be found other than in

Bultiya

The word ‘Bultiya’ is an acronym of the three major tribes in North Kalimantan, namely

Kaganga Tanah Rejang

If Batik Besurek combines Arabic calligraphy motifs, then the Kaganga batik takes

Bekantan Pakis

This motif represents Pakis Haji (Polystichum setiferum), an endemic plant in

Rumah Mamuju

the Batik motif illustrates the house of Mamuju King with the stairs, located on the left of the wooden stage house

Insang Ikan

Insang refers to the gills of the fish. This is a typical pattern of Malay ethnic who inhabits

Sekar Jati

Sekar means flower and Jati refers to teak trees that symbolizes a strong mental character that

Mahkota Siger

Siger is the crown of a noblewoman in ancient time. It is a symbol of femininity, strength, and

Gonggong Beruntun

This motif illustrates that a person should maintain a positive attitude and

Ukir Sentani

The Ukir motif is a batik motif that is inspired by various traditional Sentani wood carvings

Angsa Duo

According to legend, the Angso duo batik motif is a pair of swans that are believed to have led Princess

Peresean

The Peresean is a game that sometimes some kinds of magic are

Pati-Pati Pinehiku

It symbolizes the hierarchy in society and the social status of the Mekongga

Daun Simpor

This motif is inspired by the Simpor plant (Dillenia Suffruticosa) which is a typical

Jagung

The philosophy of the corn motif illustrates the dream and

Gajah Way Kambas

The motif illustrates the Lampung’s natural reserve, the Way Kambas. it also symbolizes

Pinawetengan

The Pinawetengan Batik pattern was taken from a prehistoric inscription in

Rutun Penyu

This motif describes the local wisdom which favours modesty and

Parang Seling

Parang Seling or “alternating daggers” is a royal batik motif. It is a feminine variant of

Kaharingan

The Kaharingan or ‘tree of life’ based on the Dayak tribes’ belief system. This tree symbolizes

Banji Cirebon

The Banji motif is the symbol of protection and

Rasamala

The Rasamala Batik motif is associated with a story when the Dutch came

Dayak Kamang

Kamang motif is generally found in the Dayak tribe shield because it is believed to