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Trowulan – Majapahit Royal Heritage Site

Wringin Lawang is one of the temples located within the Majapahit historical site (photo: Zainarrifin)

Trowulan – Majapahit Royal Heritage Site

Situated in Trowulan, Mojokerto city, this site is the remains of a cut-stone religious temple complex. It was built during the rule of Majapahit Kingdom, one of the biggest empires in Southeast Asia that existed from circa 1293 to 1527. They were erected as memorial for rulers and their families. After the death of a king or queen, many rites were held to guide the dead rulers’ souls back to the source from which it had originated. Trowulan is not only a site with remnants of temples or religious buildings, but also profane objects associated with supporting objects of an ancient city, such as irrigation facilities, gates, settlements, etc.

Cultural Tourism Destination

Trowulan – Majapahit Royal Heritage Site

Tourist Attractions in East Java

East Java

Batik Motifs

Sekar Jati

Sekar means flower and Jati refers to teak trees that symbolizes a strong mental character that

Gedhog Kembang Waluh

a combination of Javanese cultural motif of the Majapahit kingdom (XII-XIV century) with

Samudra

This art painting means to be strong-willed person to pursue

Gajah Mungkur

Semantically, it means a huge longing emotion trapped in the

 

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Indonesian

Batik

Motifs

Raja Ampat

Raja Ampat motif represents the marine life at Raja Ampat archipelago in

Karawo Pinang

Pinang refers to the Palm areca tree. This motif is considered as the original

Parang Rusak

Another meaning behind this motif is an unconquerable spirit, symbolized by

Mahkota Siger

Siger is the crown of a noblewoman in ancient time. It is a symbol of femininity, strength, and

Tongkonan

Toraja’s traditional house is called Tongkonan. Tongkonan is a place for

Bintik Tujuh

The Bintik Tujuh (Seven Dots) motif has 7 white spots and green color gradation as

Tubo Kelapa

Coconut tree is a symbol of a good character and strong mentality. It illustrates the more success a person, the more

Penari Melayu

Penari Melayu illustrates the traditional dance of Malay ethnic in

Banji Cirebon

The Banji motif is the symbol of protection and

Hiu Taliyasan

Indonesia is also home to the world’s largest fish, the whale shark (Rhincodon typus). Hiu Taliyasan refers to

Sero Tangga

The Sero Tangga illustrates an endearing feeling and sacrifices of a person to fulfil

Dayak Kamang

Kamang motif is generally found in the Dayak tribe shield because it is believed to

Gigi Haruan Lidi

The Gigi Haruan Lidi motif is taken from the name of the cork fish and is a symbol of

Asmat Papua

The batik motif illustrates the Asmat’s sacred tribal motifs that are

Insang Ikan

Insang refers to the gills of the fish. This is a typical pattern of Malay ethnic who inhabits

Merak Lasem

The peacock is considered to be the king of the birds. It represents

Pati-Pati Pinehiku

It symbolizes the hierarchy in society and the social status of the Mekongga

Tanah Liek

The word “Tanah Liek” refers to clay in Minang language. It is also known as

Rangkiang

The word “Rangkiang” refers to the rice granary in the Minangkabau language. It symbolizes

Wirasat

Wirasat or divine inspiration is a gift from God. This inspiration is symbolized by

Jupri Kembang Teh

Kembang Teh illustrates the tendrils of tea plants that grow in the highlands of

Daun Simpor

This motif is inspired by the Simpor plant (Dillenia Suffruticosa) which is a typical

Pisang Bali

This batik motif is usually given by a person to his/her lover who is

Dayak Taghol

Dayak Taghol has a distinctive style of four curved lines and small dots. This motif represents

Samudra

This art painting means to be strong-willed person to pursue

Pohon Hayat (Tree of Life)

The Batik motifs in Lampung are dominated by the acculturation of Buddhist and

Awan Larat Riau

This motif is usually associated with gentleness, wisdom, and

Wakatobi

It symbolizes the coastal beauty of the Wakatobi island and the symbol of Patra symbolizes

Pucuk Rebung Riau

Pucuk Rebung symbolizes heart determination in achieving goals, good luck, and

Kaganga Tanah Rejang

If Batik Besurek combines Arabic calligraphy motifs, then the Kaganga batik takes

Gorga Simeol-Meol

The Gorga Simeol-meol is a pattern of plant tendrils. it is regarded as a symbol of longevity and

Ukir Sentani

The Ukir motif is a batik motif that is inspired by various traditional Sentani wood carvings

Kalo Sara

Kalo Sara is a sacred motif for Tolaki ethnic. It is considered as

Prada Papua

The word “Prada” in the Javanese-Indonesian dialect means a batik textile that

Awan Berarak

Awan Berarak is a combination of Dayak motifs and Malay patterns. The word ‘Awan Berarak’ means the

Gumin Tambun

Based on Hindu mythology, this motif symbolizes lucks, abundant wealth, and

Ceplok Gayo Aceh

The variety of colors shows the differences in society that

Kasih Tak Sampai

‘Kasih Tak Sampai’ is an idiom in the Indonesian language which refers to

Tampuk Manggis Sasirangan

The motif illustrates the philosophy of the mangosteen fruit, which is

Paqbarre Allo

The word “Barre” means round and “Allo” means the sunlight. This motif is interpreted as

Bayam Raja

The Raja Bayam Sasirangan motif illustrates the social status of

Tidayu

The name of this motif is the acronym of three ethnics namely,

Tenun Bima

The motifs are adopted from Bima woven textile. This pattern has received a great

Sido Mulyo

Sidomulyo is one of the classical motifs, which is specifically used for the bride’s costume in

Bultiya

The word ‘Bultiya’ is an acronym of the three major tribes in North Kalimantan, namely

Salakanagara

Salakanagara batik motif illustrates the first kingdom in the Betawi land

Gajah Mungkur

Semantically, it means a huge longing emotion trapped in the

Manguni Minahasa

Manguni is identified as the symbol of the Minahasa people. Manguni is known as a

Desa Na Tolu

The Desa Na Tolu characteristic pattern symbolizes the Batak philosophy of existence and

Enggang Dayak

Local people beliefs that hornbills are an incarnation of the Commander of the Birds. It has supernatural

Daun Sirih

This motif illustrates betel leaves that are used by Lombok communities as traditional

Tifa Totobuang

The batik motifs illustrate Maluku’s traditional music instrument called

Kerawang Datar

This motif symbolizes the embodiment of of religious values for

Srimanganti

The name of the Srimanganti motif is derived from Palace’s hallway that connects to

Sekar Jati

Sekar means flower and Jati refers to teak trees that symbolizes a strong mental character that

Abimanyu Prince

This motif implies a hope that the wearer will have the wisdom of

Karawo Mahkuta

Mahkuta refers to Gorontalo’s traditional crown. It represents noble characters of

Tengkawang Ampiek

With its many advantages, the Dayaks use this leaf in ritual ceremonies. This plant is a symbol of

Barong Bali

The Barong refers to the mythological animal with supra-natural

Waruga

Minahasa batik motifs are adopted from Waruga. Waruga is the

Parang Seling

Parang Seling or “alternating daggers” is a royal batik motif. It is a feminine variant of

Pala Salawaku

This motif illustrates the unique weapons of the Maluku region, namely

Lipaq Sabe

Lipaq Saqbe contains a simple geometric classical motif with various flower decorations. This textile is

Pucuk Mekar

This motive reflects the joy and gratitude to God over the grace of

Gamolan

This motif illustrates Gamolan, a bamboo musical instrument of Lampung that is

Malinau Cultural Festival

You will witness a unique competition that might not be found other than in

Alam Pantai

The word “Alam Pantai” refers to the natural beauty of

Kaharingan

The Kaharingan or ‘tree of life’ based on the Dayak tribes’ belief system. This tree symbolizes

Lok Baintan Floating Market

As you can imagine, the most authentic thing is that you can buy things and even

Gedhog Kembang Waluh

a combination of Javanese cultural motif of the Majapahit kingdom (XII-XIV century) with

Burung Bidadari

Bidadari birds are endemic birds in Halmahera. This motif represents an

Durian Pecah

Broken Durian motifs depict the foundation of faith. The second half signifies the mastery of

Mega Mendung

Mega Mendung signifies the cloud. This motif means to stay

Kuda Sepasang

For the people of Kupang, having a strong horse is a matter of

Besurek Rafflesia

The term “Basurek” refers to a textile that contains letters or inscriptions

Taiganja

Taiganja is a precious gold pendant that shows the social status of the Kaili family. It is

Leuit Sijimat

This motif reflects the daily activities of the Baduy tribe in Banten. The main ornaments of batik motif consist of:

Bale Lumbu

This motif signifies the welfare of the ancient Sasak society. Bale also symbolizes the

Singayaksa

The Singayaksa motif comes from the name of a place where Sultan Hasanuddin used to

Jumputan Bintang

The word Jumputan means the tie-dye technique, while the word “Bintang” refers to

Pintu Aceh

The motif is inspired by Aceh’s traditional architecture that has

Kawung

The Kawung motif was created by Sultan Agung Hanyokrokusumo (1593 – 1645) as a symbolic gift for

Sekomandi

Its philosophical meaning is the eternal union which refers to a saying “until death do us part”

Pinawetengan

The Pinawetengan Batik pattern was taken from a prehistoric inscription in

Bomba Mawar

This motif means sacred love for family, kingdom, and God; It also illustrates

Tangerang Herang

Tangerang Herang motif is a symbol of Tangerang city. The Tangerang Herang batik motif consists of

Teguh Bersatu

This batik motif shows the strength of the people of Kupang. It also represents a sense of

Angsa Duo

According to legend, the Angso duo batik motif is a pair of swans that are believed to have led Princess

Gonggong Beruntun

This motif illustrates that a person should maintain a positive attitude and

Ondel-ondel

Ondel – ondel is Betawi traditional icons. This motif signifies

Sinaran

This pattern originates from Cirebon. It represents the reflection of

Kerawang Tegak Aceh

The Vertical Upright (Kerawang Tegak) Motif symbolizes a person who has a strong

Honai

The Honai is inspired by the traditional house of the Papuan community living in

Biji Kopi

The coffee seeds motif illustrates the pride of local coffee specialities in

Peresean

The Peresean is a game that sometimes some kinds of magic are

Rutun Penyu

This motif describes the local wisdom which favours modesty and

Kuda Kupang

Horses symbolize wealth. It contains noble values of virtuous characters that bring

Teluk Tomini

This motif illustrates the beauty of underwater life in

Rumah Mamuju

the Batik motif illustrates the house of Mamuju King with the stairs, located on the left of the wooden stage house

Jagung

The philosophy of the corn motif illustrates the dream and