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Baiturrahman Historical Grand Mosque

The Baiturrahman Mosque in Aceh (photo: Kanalaceh)

Baiturrahman Historical Grand Mosque

The Grand Mosque of Aceh was built in 1612 during the reign of Sultan Iskandar Muda and functioned as a fortress against the invaders. The construction of this mosque represents the superiority of Aceh’s local architecture that is resistant to any disasters. This mosque remained intact and became a shelter for the community during the big tsunami disaster in 2004.

Cultural Tourism Destination

Baiturrahman Historical Grand Mosque

Tourist Attractions in Aceh

Aceh Batik Motifs

Ceplok Gayo Aceh

The variety of colors shows the differences in society that

Kerawang Tegak Aceh

The Vertical Upright (Kerawang Tegak) Motif symbolizes a person who has a strong

Pintu Aceh

The motif is inspired by Aceh’s traditional architecture that has

Kerawang Datar

This motif symbolizes the embodiment of of religious values for

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Indonesian

Batik

Motifs

Sinaran

This pattern originates from Cirebon. It represents the reflection of

Tubo Kelapa

Coconut tree is a symbol of a good character and strong mentality. It illustrates the more success a person, the more

Besurek Rembulan

This batik illustrates praise for God who created the wonderful universe

Kaganga Tanah Rejang

If Batik Besurek combines Arabic calligraphy motifs, then the Kaganga batik takes

Kamaro Timika

This motif is inspired by sacred symbols of Kamaro communities in

Sekomandi

Its philosophical meaning is the eternal union which refers to a saying “until death do us part”

Keluak Daun Pakis

The word “Keluak” is a Minang language which means twisted or tangled. The Motif of

Pintu Aceh

The motif is inspired by Aceh’s traditional architecture that has

Ikan tambal

The word “Ikan” refers to fish. The philosophical meaning of Ikan Tambal means is

Pati-Pati Pinehiku

It symbolizes the hierarchy in society and the social status of the Mekongga

Sero Tangga

The Sero Tangga illustrates an endearing feeling and sacrifices of a person to fulfil

Ukir Sentani

The Ukir motif is a batik motif that is inspired by various traditional Sentani wood carvings

Srimanganti

The name of the Srimanganti motif is derived from Palace’s hallway that connects to

Buketan Bali

The Balinese bouquet (Buketan Bali) is a floral arrangement and the name is

Bekantan Pakis

This motif represents Pakis Haji (Polystichum setiferum), an endemic plant in

Tabir Tanjung

Tanjung flower is a type of Cherry tree flower, which is commonly found in

Gurdo Solo

Gurdo or garuda bird is the mount of the Indian god Vishnu. As the Sun Bird,

Merak Ngeram

The hatching peacock motif has a very deep meaning which refers to the sacrifice and

La Galigo

La Galigo is a literary work of the Buginese Epic that has 300 thousand epic lines. It is considered even

Merak Lasem

The peacock is considered to be the king of the birds. It represents

Bultiya

The word ‘Bultiya’ is an acronym of the three major tribes in North Kalimantan, namely

Sido Mulyo

Sidomulyo is one of the classical motifs, which is specifically used for the bride’s costume in

Rangkiang

The word “Rangkiang” refers to the rice granary in the Minangkabau language. It symbolizes

Kerawang Datar

This motif symbolizes the embodiment of of religious values for

Pohon Hayat (Tree of Life)

The Batik motifs in Lampung are dominated by the acculturation of Buddhist and

Pucuk Rebung Riau

Pucuk Rebung symbolizes heart determination in achieving goals, good luck, and

Hiu Taliyasan

Indonesia is also home to the world’s largest fish, the whale shark (Rhincodon typus). Hiu Taliyasan refers to

Desa Na Ualu

The Gorga motif of Ualu Village is the symbol of the eight cardinal

Teguh Bersatu

This batik motif shows the strength of the people of Kupang. It also represents a sense of

Anggrek Tewu

This motif is created based on the local wisdom and philosophy of

Pattimura

Pattimura is the name of an Indonesian hero who fought against colonialism in

Rumah Mamuju

the Batik motif illustrates the house of Mamuju King with the stairs, located on the left of the wooden stage house

Pantai Ambon

Ambon city batik depicts the natural wealth and marine life of

Tongkonan

Toraja’s traditional house is called Tongkonan. Tongkonan is a place for

Rutun Penyu

This motif describes the local wisdom which favours modesty and

Kerawang Tegak Aceh

The Vertical Upright (Kerawang Tegak) Motif symbolizes a person who has a strong

Ake Patra

Ake is related to the divinity and the composition of the universe. It is a symbol of

Wirasat

Wirasat or divine inspiration is a gift from God. This inspiration is symbolized by

Barong Bali

The Barong refers to the mythological animal with supra-natural

Gamolan

This motif illustrates Gamolan, a bamboo musical instrument of Lampung that is

Lok Baintan Floating Market

As you can imagine, the most authentic thing is that you can buy things and even

Tidayu

The name of this motif is the acronym of three ethnics namely,

Sandeq

Sandeq Boat is a symbol of the maritime importance of the West Sulawesi region. The greatness of

Penari Melayu

Penari Melayu illustrates the traditional dance of Malay ethnic in

Gajah Way Kambas

The motif illustrates the Lampung’s natural reserve, the Way Kambas. it also symbolizes

Banji Cirebon

The Banji motif is the symbol of protection and

Daun Simpor

This motif is inspired by the Simpor plant (Dillenia Suffruticosa) which is a typical

Pisang Bali

This batik motif is usually given by a person to his/her lover who is

Enggang Dayak

Local people beliefs that hornbills are an incarnation of the Commander of the Birds. It has supernatural

Kasih Tak Sampai

‘Kasih Tak Sampai’ is an idiom in the Indonesian language which refers to

Parang Seling

Parang Seling or “alternating daggers” is a royal batik motif. It is a feminine variant of

Ondel-ondel

Ondel – ondel is Betawi traditional icons. This motif signifies

Bayam Raja

The Raja Bayam Sasirangan motif illustrates the social status of

Karawo Mahkuta

Mahkuta refers to Gorontalo’s traditional crown. It represents noble characters of

Sekar Jati

Sekar means flower and Jati refers to teak trees that symbolizes a strong mental character that

Durian Pecah

Broken Durian motifs depict the foundation of faith. The second half signifies the mastery of

Alam Pantai

The word “Alam Pantai” refers to the natural beauty of

Prada Papua

The word “Prada” in the Javanese-Indonesian dialect means a batik textile that

Awan Berarak

Awan Berarak is a combination of Dayak motifs and Malay patterns. The word ‘Awan Berarak’ means the

Cengkeh

The clove flower motif is the main commodity of the Tolitoli Regency. This motif represents

Paqbarre Allo

The word “Barre” means round and “Allo” means the sunlight. This motif is interpreted as

Honai

The Honai is inspired by the traditional house of the Papuan community living in

Jagung

The philosophy of the corn motif illustrates the dream and

Asmat Papua

The batik motif illustrates the Asmat’s sacred tribal motifs that are

Desa Na Tolu

The Desa Na Tolu characteristic pattern symbolizes the Batak philosophy of existence and

Kuda Sepasang

For the people of Kupang, having a strong horse is a matter of

Tifa Papua

This motif was derived from traditional Papuan musical instruments,

Gentala Arasy

Built as high as 80 meters, the tower also highlights the historical side of

Bale Lumbu

This motif signifies the welfare of the ancient Sasak society. Bale also symbolizes the

Dayak Kamang

Kamang motif is generally found in the Dayak tribe shield because it is believed to

Daun Lada Hitam

The black pepper motif represents the main commodity of Bangka Belitung

Awan Larat Riau

This motif is usually associated with gentleness, wisdom, and

Abimanyu Prince

This motif implies a hope that the wearer will have the wisdom of

Karawo Pinang

Pinang refers to the Palm areca tree. This motif is considered as the original

Mahkota Siger

Siger is the crown of a noblewoman in ancient time. It is a symbol of femininity, strength, and

Kalo Sara

Kalo Sara is a sacred motif for Tolaki ethnic. It is considered as

Angsa Duo

According to legend, the Angso duo batik motif is a pair of swans that are believed to have led Princess

Singayaksa

The Singayaksa motif comes from the name of a place where Sultan Hasanuddin used to

Insang Ikan

Insang refers to the gills of the fish. This is a typical pattern of Malay ethnic who inhabits

Tangerang Herang

Tangerang Herang motif is a symbol of Tangerang city. The Tangerang Herang batik motif consists of

Salakanagara

Salakanagara batik motif illustrates the first kingdom in the Betawi land

Tifa Totobuang

The batik motifs illustrate Maluku’s traditional music instrument called

Wakatobi

It symbolizes the coastal beauty of the Wakatobi island and the symbol of Patra symbolizes

Pucuk Mekar

This motive reflects the joy and gratitude to God over the grace of

Leuit Sijimat

This motif reflects the daily activities of the Baduy tribe in Banten. The main ornaments of batik motif consist of:

Daun Sirih

This motif illustrates betel leaves that are used by Lombok communities as traditional

Tengkawang Ampiek

With its many advantages, the Dayaks use this leaf in ritual ceremonies. This plant is a symbol of

Jumputan Bintang

The word Jumputan means the tie-dye technique, while the word “Bintang” refers to

Teluk Tomini

This motif illustrates the beauty of underwater life in

Bunga Raye

Raye Flower motif also represents a wish for

Gorga Simeol-Meol

The Gorga Simeol-meol is a pattern of plant tendrils. it is regarded as a symbol of longevity and

Tikar Natuna

The Tikar Natuna motif is adapted from the traditional making of pandanus mats in

Besurek Rafflesia

The term “Basurek” refers to a textile that contains letters or inscriptions

Gedhog Kembang Waluh

a combination of Javanese cultural motif of the Majapahit kingdom (XII-XIV century) with

Kain Cual

Cual textile tradition has existed since the 17th century. The word “Cual” refers to

Waruga

Minahasa batik motifs are adopted from Waruga. Waruga is the

Kuda Kupang

Horses symbolize wealth. It contains noble values of virtuous characters that bring

Gajah Mungkur

Semantically, it means a huge longing emotion trapped in the

Tenun Bima

The motifs are adopted from Bima woven textile. This pattern has received a great

Biji Kopi

The coffee seeds motif illustrates the pride of local coffee specialities in