Home / Batik Regions – Western Indonesia – Northern Sumatra – Aceh / Baiturrahman Historical Grand Mosque

Cultural Destination

Embrace the spirit of the place!

Baiturrahman Historical Grand Mosque

The Baiturrahman Mosque in Aceh (photo: Kanalaceh)

Baiturrahman Historical Grand Mosque

The Grand Mosque of Aceh was built in 1612 during the reign of Sultan Iskandar Muda and functioned as a fortress against the invaders. The construction of this mosque represents the superiority of Aceh’s local architecture that is resistant to any disasters. This mosque remained intact and became a shelter for the community during the big tsunami disaster in 2004.

Cultural Tourism Destination

Baiturrahman Historical Grand Mosque

Tourist Attractions in Aceh

Aceh Batik Motifs

Pintu Aceh

The motif is inspired by Aceh’s traditional architecture that has

Kerawang Datar

This motif symbolizes the embodiment of of religious values for

Ceplok Gayo Aceh

The variety of colors shows the differences in society that

Kerawang Tegak Aceh

The Vertical Upright (Kerawang Tegak) Motif symbolizes a person who has a strong

Discover

Indonesian

Batik

Motifs

Tangerang Herang

Tangerang Herang motif is a symbol of Tangerang city. The Tangerang Herang batik motif consists of

Sinaran

This pattern originates from Cirebon. It represents the reflection of

Keluak Daun Pakis

The word “Keluak” is a Minang language which means twisted or tangled. The Motif of

Biji Kopi

The coffee seeds motif illustrates the pride of local coffee specialities in

Gurdo Solo

Gurdo or garuda bird is the mount of the Indian god Vishnu. As the Sun Bird,

Besurek Rafflesia

The term “Basurek” refers to a textile that contains letters or inscriptions

Manguni Minahasa

Manguni is identified as the symbol of the Minahasa people. Manguni is known as a

Merak Lasem

The peacock is considered to be the king of the birds. It represents

Singayaksa

The Singayaksa motif comes from the name of a place where Sultan Hasanuddin used to

Sandeq

Sandeq Boat is a symbol of the maritime importance of the West Sulawesi region. The greatness of

Daun Sirih

This motif illustrates betel leaves that are used by Lombok communities as traditional

Malinau Cultural Festival

You will witness a unique competition that might not be found other than in

Awan Berarak

Awan Berarak is a combination of Dayak motifs and Malay patterns. The word ‘Awan Berarak’ means the

Pisang Bali

This batik motif is usually given by a person to his/her lover who is

Srimanganti

The name of the Srimanganti motif is derived from Palace’s hallway that connects to

Gedhog Kembang Waluh

a combination of Javanese cultural motif of the Majapahit kingdom (XII-XIV century) with

Daun Lada Hitam

The black pepper motif represents the main commodity of Bangka Belitung

Burung Bidadari

Bidadari birds are endemic birds in Halmahera. This motif represents an

Jupri Kembang Teh

Kembang Teh illustrates the tendrils of tea plants that grow in the highlands of

Kaganga Tanah Rejang

If Batik Besurek combines Arabic calligraphy motifs, then the Kaganga batik takes

Teluk Tomini

This motif illustrates the beauty of underwater life in

Tanah Liek

The word “Tanah Liek” refers to clay in Minang language. It is also known as

Dayak Kamang

Kamang motif is generally found in the Dayak tribe shield because it is believed to

Pucuk Rebung Riau

Pucuk Rebung symbolizes heart determination in achieving goals, good luck, and

Bunga Raye

Raye Flower motif also represents a wish for

Pintu Aceh

The motif is inspired by Aceh’s traditional architecture that has

Durian Pecah

Broken Durian motifs depict the foundation of faith. The second half signifies the mastery of

Ceplok Gayo Aceh

The variety of colors shows the differences in society that

Jagung

The philosophy of the corn motif illustrates the dream and

Kaharingan

The Kaharingan or ‘tree of life’ based on the Dayak tribes’ belief system. This tree symbolizes

Taiganja

Taiganja is a precious gold pendant that shows the social status of the Kaili family. It is

Ukir Sentani

The Ukir motif is a batik motif that is inspired by various traditional Sentani wood carvings

Tongkonan

Toraja’s traditional house is called Tongkonan. Tongkonan is a place for

Tifa Papua

This motif was derived from traditional Papuan musical instruments,

Mahkota Siger

Siger is the crown of a noblewoman in ancient time. It is a symbol of femininity, strength, and

Ikan tambal

The word “Ikan” refers to fish. The philosophical meaning of Ikan Tambal means is

Bekantan Pakis

This motif represents Pakis Haji (Polystichum setiferum), an endemic plant in

Banji Cirebon

The Banji motif is the symbol of protection and

Karawo Pinang

Pinang refers to the Palm areca tree. This motif is considered as the original

La Galigo

La Galigo is a literary work of the Buginese Epic that has 300 thousand epic lines. It is considered even

Tikar Natuna

The Tikar Natuna motif is adapted from the traditional making of pandanus mats in

Raja Ampat

Raja Ampat motif represents the marine life at Raja Ampat archipelago in

Gonggong Beruntun

This motif illustrates that a person should maintain a positive attitude and

Anggrek Tewu

This motif is created based on the local wisdom and philosophy of

Kasih Tak Sampai

‘Kasih Tak Sampai’ is an idiom in the Indonesian language which refers to

Angsa Duo

According to legend, the Angso duo batik motif is a pair of swans that are believed to have led Princess

Teguh Bersatu

This batik motif shows the strength of the people of Kupang. It also represents a sense of

Kerawang Datar

This motif symbolizes the embodiment of of religious values for

Sekomandi

Its philosophical meaning is the eternal union which refers to a saying “until death do us part”

Abimanyu Prince

This motif implies a hope that the wearer will have the wisdom of

Tengkawang Ampiek

With its many advantages, the Dayaks use this leaf in ritual ceremonies. This plant is a symbol of

Bomba Mawar

This motif means sacred love for family, kingdom, and God; It also illustrates

Kamaro Timika

This motif is inspired by sacred symbols of Kamaro communities in

Ondel-ondel

Ondel – ondel is Betawi traditional icons. This motif signifies

Pantai Ambon

Ambon city batik depicts the natural wealth and marine life of

Salakanagara

Salakanagara batik motif illustrates the first kingdom in the Betawi land

Paqbarre Allo

The word “Barre” means round and “Allo” means the sunlight. This motif is interpreted as

Prada Papua

The word “Prada” in the Javanese-Indonesian dialect means a batik textile that

Pinawetengan

The Pinawetengan Batik pattern was taken from a prehistoric inscription in

Rumah Mamuju

the Batik motif illustrates the house of Mamuju King with the stairs, located on the left of the wooden stage house

Kawung

The Kawung motif was created by Sultan Agung Hanyokrokusumo (1593 – 1645) as a symbolic gift for

Besurek Rembulan

This batik illustrates praise for God who created the wonderful universe

Gonggong Siput

Gonggong (Strombus Turturella) is one type of sea snail found around

Daun Simpor

This motif is inspired by the Simpor plant (Dillenia Suffruticosa) which is a typical

Desa Na Tolu

The Desa Na Tolu characteristic pattern symbolizes the Batak philosophy of existence and

Honai

The Honai is inspired by the traditional house of the Papuan community living in

Tabir Tanjung

Tanjung flower is a type of Cherry tree flower, which is commonly found in

Insang Ikan

Insang refers to the gills of the fish. This is a typical pattern of Malay ethnic who inhabits

Desa Na Ualu

The Gorga motif of Ualu Village is the symbol of the eight cardinal

Pucuk Mekar

This motive reflects the joy and gratitude to God over the grace of

Bale Lumbu

This motif signifies the welfare of the ancient Sasak society. Bale also symbolizes the

Gentala Arasy

Built as high as 80 meters, the tower also highlights the historical side of

Hiu Taliyasan

Indonesia is also home to the world’s largest fish, the whale shark (Rhincodon typus). Hiu Taliyasan refers to

Gajah Mungkur

Semantically, it means a huge longing emotion trapped in the

Peresean

The Peresean is a game that sometimes some kinds of magic are

Tifa Totobuang

The batik motifs illustrate Maluku’s traditional music instrument called

Rutun Penyu

This motif describes the local wisdom which favours modesty and

Cengkeh

The clove flower motif is the main commodity of the Tolitoli Regency. This motif represents

Rangkiang

The word “Rangkiang” refers to the rice granary in the Minangkabau language. It symbolizes

Kerawang Tegak Aceh

The Vertical Upright (Kerawang Tegak) Motif symbolizes a person who has a strong

Tubo Kelapa

Coconut tree is a symbol of a good character and strong mentality. It illustrates the more success a person, the more

Asmat Papua

The batik motif illustrates the Asmat’s sacred tribal motifs that are

Kain Cual

Cual textile tradition has existed since the 17th century. The word “Cual” refers to

Wakatobi

It symbolizes the coastal beauty of the Wakatobi island and the symbol of Patra symbolizes

Gigi Haruan Lidi

The Gigi Haruan Lidi motif is taken from the name of the cork fish and is a symbol of

Waruga

Minahasa batik motifs are adopted from Waruga. Waruga is the

Pattimura

Pattimura is the name of an Indonesian hero who fought against colonialism in

Parang Rusak

Another meaning behind this motif is an unconquerable spirit, symbolized by

Merak Ngeram

The hatching peacock motif has a very deep meaning which refers to the sacrifice and

Gamolan

This motif illustrates Gamolan, a bamboo musical instrument of Lampung that is

Barong Bali

The Barong refers to the mythological animal with supra-natural

Pati-Pati Pinehiku

It symbolizes the hierarchy in society and the social status of the Mekongga

Tenun Bima

The motifs are adopted from Bima woven textile. This pattern has received a great

Dayak Taghol

Dayak Taghol has a distinctive style of four curved lines and small dots. This motif represents

Penari Melayu

Penari Melayu illustrates the traditional dance of Malay ethnic in

Karawo Mahkuta

Mahkuta refers to Gorontalo’s traditional crown. It represents noble characters of

Leuit Sijimat

This motif reflects the daily activities of the Baduy tribe in Banten. The main ornaments of batik motif consist of:

Kuda Sepasang

For the people of Kupang, having a strong horse is a matter of

Gajah Way Kambas

The motif illustrates the Lampung’s natural reserve, the Way Kambas. it also symbolizes

Awan Larat Riau

This motif is usually associated with gentleness, wisdom, and