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Baiturrahman Historical Grand Mosque

The Baiturrahman Mosque in Aceh (photo: Kanalaceh)

Baiturrahman Historical Grand Mosque

The Grand Mosque of Aceh was built in 1612 during the reign of Sultan Iskandar Muda and functioned as a fortress against the invaders. The construction of this mosque represents the superiority of Aceh’s local architecture that is resistant to any disasters. This mosque remained intact and became a shelter for the community during the big tsunami disaster in 2004.

Cultural Tourism Destination

Baiturrahman Historical Grand Mosque

Tourist Attractions in Aceh

Aceh Batik Motifs

Kerawang Datar

This motif symbolizes the embodiment of of religious values for

Pintu Aceh

The motif is inspired by Aceh’s traditional architecture that has

Kerawang Tegak Aceh

The Vertical Upright (Kerawang Tegak) Motif symbolizes a person who has a strong

Ceplok Gayo Aceh

The variety of colors shows the differences in society that

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Indonesian

Batik

Motifs

Biji Kopi

The coffee seeds motif illustrates the pride of local coffee specialities in

Pala Salawaku

This motif illustrates the unique weapons of the Maluku region, namely

Merak Lasem

The peacock is considered to be the king of the birds. It represents

Gumin Tambun

Based on Hindu mythology, this motif symbolizes lucks, abundant wealth, and

Pintu Aceh

The motif is inspired by Aceh’s traditional architecture that has

Buketan Bali

The Balinese bouquet (Buketan Bali) is a floral arrangement and the name is

Wakatobi

It symbolizes the coastal beauty of the Wakatobi island and the symbol of Patra symbolizes

Karawo Pinang

Pinang refers to the Palm areca tree. This motif is considered as the original

Bunga Raye

Raye Flower motif also represents a wish for

Keluak Daun Pakis

The word “Keluak” is a Minang language which means twisted or tangled. The Motif of

Tengkawang Ampiek

With its many advantages, the Dayaks use this leaf in ritual ceremonies. This plant is a symbol of

Pattimura

Pattimura is the name of an Indonesian hero who fought against colonialism in

Tangerang Herang

Tangerang Herang motif is a symbol of Tangerang city. The Tangerang Herang batik motif consists of

Pisang Bali

This batik motif is usually given by a person to his/her lover who is

Samudra

This art painting means to be strong-willed person to pursue

Lontara

The Lontara script itself is a typical ancient script of Bugis and Makassar communities. History records that

Jumputan Bintang

The word Jumputan means the tie-dye technique, while the word “Bintang” refers to

Kerawang Tegak Aceh

The Vertical Upright (Kerawang Tegak) Motif symbolizes a person who has a strong

Jagung

The philosophy of the corn motif illustrates the dream and

Gajah Mungkur

Semantically, it means a huge longing emotion trapped in the

Tubo Kelapa

Coconut tree is a symbol of a good character and strong mentality. It illustrates the more success a person, the more

Pohon Hayat (Tree of Life)

The Batik motifs in Lampung are dominated by the acculturation of Buddhist and

Desa Na Tolu

The Desa Na Tolu characteristic pattern symbolizes the Batak philosophy of existence and

Durian Pecah

Broken Durian motifs depict the foundation of faith. The second half signifies the mastery of

Hiu Taliyasan

Indonesia is also home to the world’s largest fish, the whale shark (Rhincodon typus). Hiu Taliyasan refers to

Rumah Mamuju

the Batik motif illustrates the house of Mamuju King with the stairs, located on the left of the wooden stage house

Leuit Sijimat

This motif reflects the daily activities of the Baduy tribe in Banten. The main ornaments of batik motif consist of:

Awan Berarak

Awan Berarak is a combination of Dayak motifs and Malay patterns. The word ‘Awan Berarak’ means the

Bomba Mawar

This motif means sacred love for family, kingdom, and God; It also illustrates

Sido Mulyo

Sidomulyo is one of the classical motifs, which is specifically used for the bride’s costume in

Tanah Liek

The word “Tanah Liek” refers to clay in Minang language. It is also known as

Taiganja

Taiganja is a precious gold pendant that shows the social status of the Kaili family. It is

Daun Lada Hitam

The black pepper motif represents the main commodity of Bangka Belitung

Parang Seling

Parang Seling or “alternating daggers” is a royal batik motif. It is a feminine variant of

Besurek Rafflesia

The term “Basurek” refers to a textile that contains letters or inscriptions

Pucuk Rebung Riau

Pucuk Rebung symbolizes heart determination in achieving goals, good luck, and

Jupri Kembang Teh

Kembang Teh illustrates the tendrils of tea plants that grow in the highlands of

Wirasat

Wirasat or divine inspiration is a gift from God. This inspiration is symbolized by

Dayak Kamang

Kamang motif is generally found in the Dayak tribe shield because it is believed to

Tampuk Manggis Sasirangan

The motif illustrates the philosophy of the mangosteen fruit, which is

Kaganga Tanah Rejang

If Batik Besurek combines Arabic calligraphy motifs, then the Kaganga batik takes

Srimanganti

The name of the Srimanganti motif is derived from Palace’s hallway that connects to

Rasamala

The Rasamala Batik motif is associated with a story when the Dutch came

Raja Ampat

Raja Ampat motif represents the marine life at Raja Ampat archipelago in

Rutun Penyu

This motif describes the local wisdom which favours modesty and

Penari Melayu

Penari Melayu illustrates the traditional dance of Malay ethnic in

Gorga Simeol-Meol

The Gorga Simeol-meol is a pattern of plant tendrils. it is regarded as a symbol of longevity and

Kuda Sepasang

For the people of Kupang, having a strong horse is a matter of

Merak Ngeram

The hatching peacock motif has a very deep meaning which refers to the sacrifice and

Gonggong Beruntun

This motif illustrates that a person should maintain a positive attitude and

Burung Bidadari

Bidadari birds are endemic birds in Halmahera. This motif represents an

Bintik Tujuh

The Bintik Tujuh (Seven Dots) motif has 7 white spots and green color gradation as

Tifa Papua

This motif was derived from traditional Papuan musical instruments,

Singayaksa

The Singayaksa motif comes from the name of a place where Sultan Hasanuddin used to

Kamaro Timika

This motif is inspired by sacred symbols of Kamaro communities in

Daun Simpor

This motif is inspired by the Simpor plant (Dillenia Suffruticosa) which is a typical

Prada Papua

The word “Prada” in the Javanese-Indonesian dialect means a batik textile that

Insang Ikan

Insang refers to the gills of the fish. This is a typical pattern of Malay ethnic who inhabits

Barong Bali

The Barong refers to the mythological animal with supra-natural

Ake Patra

Ake is related to the divinity and the composition of the universe. It is a symbol of

Kalo Sara

Kalo Sara is a sacred motif for Tolaki ethnic. It is considered as

Gentala Arasy

Built as high as 80 meters, the tower also highlights the historical side of

Parang Rusak

Another meaning behind this motif is an unconquerable spirit, symbolized by

Gurdo Solo

Gurdo or garuda bird is the mount of the Indian god Vishnu. As the Sun Bird,

Banji Cirebon

The Banji motif is the symbol of protection and

Honai

The Honai is inspired by the traditional house of the Papuan community living in

Karawo Mahkuta

Mahkuta refers to Gorontalo’s traditional crown. It represents noble characters of

Sandeq

Sandeq Boat is a symbol of the maritime importance of the West Sulawesi region. The greatness of

Enggang Dayak

Local people beliefs that hornbills are an incarnation of the Commander of the Birds. It has supernatural

Sekar Jati

Sekar means flower and Jati refers to teak trees that symbolizes a strong mental character that

Bekantan Pakis

This motif represents Pakis Haji (Polystichum setiferum), an endemic plant in

Daun Sirih

This motif illustrates betel leaves that are used by Lombok communities as traditional

Gajah Way Kambas

The motif illustrates the Lampung’s natural reserve, the Way Kambas. it also symbolizes

Sekomandi

Its philosophical meaning is the eternal union which refers to a saying “until death do us part”

Dayak Taghol

Dayak Taghol has a distinctive style of four curved lines and small dots. This motif represents

Tifa Totobuang

The batik motifs illustrate Maluku’s traditional music instrument called

Gamolan

This motif illustrates Gamolan, a bamboo musical instrument of Lampung that is

Pucuk Mekar

This motive reflects the joy and gratitude to God over the grace of

Kaharingan

The Kaharingan or ‘tree of life’ based on the Dayak tribes’ belief system. This tree symbolizes

Pinawetengan

The Pinawetengan Batik pattern was taken from a prehistoric inscription in

Bale Lumbu

This motif signifies the welfare of the ancient Sasak society. Bale also symbolizes the

Bayam Raja

The Raja Bayam Sasirangan motif illustrates the social status of

Gigi Haruan Lidi

The Gigi Haruan Lidi motif is taken from the name of the cork fish and is a symbol of

Tenun Bima

The motifs are adopted from Bima woven textile. This pattern has received a great

Teluk Tomini

This motif illustrates the beauty of underwater life in

Ceplok Gayo Aceh

The variety of colors shows the differences in society that

Alam Pantai

The word “Alam Pantai” refers to the natural beauty of

Lok Baintan Floating Market

As you can imagine, the most authentic thing is that you can buy things and even

Asmat Papua

The batik motif illustrates the Asmat’s sacred tribal motifs that are

Gonggong Siput

Gonggong (Strombus Turturella) is one type of sea snail found around

Bultiya

The word ‘Bultiya’ is an acronym of the three major tribes in North Kalimantan, namely

Kuda Kupang

Horses symbolize wealth. It contains noble values of virtuous characters that bring

Teguh Bersatu

This batik motif shows the strength of the people of Kupang. It also represents a sense of

Awan Larat Riau

This motif is usually associated with gentleness, wisdom, and

Kerawang Datar

This motif symbolizes the embodiment of of religious values for

Peresean

The Peresean is a game that sometimes some kinds of magic are

Pati-Pati Pinehiku

It symbolizes the hierarchy in society and the social status of the Mekongga

Kasih Tak Sampai

‘Kasih Tak Sampai’ is an idiom in the Indonesian language which refers to

Manguni Minahasa

Manguni is identified as the symbol of the Minahasa people. Manguni is known as a

Tikar Natuna

The Tikar Natuna motif is adapted from the traditional making of pandanus mats in