Home / Batik Regions – Western Indonesia – Northern Sumatra – Aceh / Baiturrahman Historical Grand Mosque

Cultural Destination

Embrace the spirit of the place!

Baiturrahman Historical Grand Mosque

The Baiturrahman Mosque in Aceh (photo: Kanalaceh)

Baiturrahman Historical Grand Mosque

The Grand Mosque of Aceh was built in 1612 during the reign of Sultan Iskandar Muda and functioned as a fortress against the invaders. The construction of this mosque represents the superiority of Aceh’s local architecture that is resistant to any disasters. This mosque remained intact and became a shelter for the community during the big tsunami disaster in 2004.

Cultural Tourism Destination

Baiturrahman Historical Grand Mosque

Tourist Attractions in Aceh

Aceh Batik Motifs

Ceplok Gayo Aceh

The variety of colors shows the differences in society that

Pintu Aceh

The motif is inspired by Aceh’s traditional architecture that has

Kerawang Datar

This motif symbolizes the embodiment of of religious values for

Kerawang Tegak Aceh

The Vertical Upright (Kerawang Tegak) Motif symbolizes a person who has a strong

Discover

Indonesian

Batik

Motifs

Tikar Natuna

The Tikar Natuna motif is adapted from the traditional making of pandanus mats in

Biji Kopi

The coffee seeds motif illustrates the pride of local coffee specialities in

Lok Baintan Floating Market

As you can imagine, the most authentic thing is that you can buy things and even

Cengkeh

The clove flower motif is the main commodity of the Tolitoli Regency. This motif represents

Kerawang Tegak Aceh

The Vertical Upright (Kerawang Tegak) Motif symbolizes a person who has a strong

Mega Mendung

Mega Mendung signifies the cloud. This motif means to stay

Kuda Sepasang

For the people of Kupang, having a strong horse is a matter of

Pintu Aceh

The motif is inspired by Aceh’s traditional architecture that has

Rasamala

The Rasamala Batik motif is associated with a story when the Dutch came

Sero Tangga

The Sero Tangga illustrates an endearing feeling and sacrifices of a person to fulfil

Gonggong Beruntun

This motif illustrates that a person should maintain a positive attitude and

Jagung

The philosophy of the corn motif illustrates the dream and

Singayaksa

The Singayaksa motif comes from the name of a place where Sultan Hasanuddin used to

Besurek Rafflesia

The term “Basurek” refers to a textile that contains letters or inscriptions

Angsa Duo

According to legend, the Angso duo batik motif is a pair of swans that are believed to have led Princess

Kerawang Datar

This motif symbolizes the embodiment of of religious values for

Karawo Pinang

Pinang refers to the Palm areca tree. This motif is considered as the original

Barong Bali

The Barong refers to the mythological animal with supra-natural

Tubo Kelapa

Coconut tree is a symbol of a good character and strong mentality. It illustrates the more success a person, the more

Kuda Kupang

Horses symbolize wealth. It contains noble values of virtuous characters that bring

Pantai Ambon

Ambon city batik depicts the natural wealth and marine life of

Gamolan

This motif illustrates Gamolan, a bamboo musical instrument of Lampung that is

Gigi Haruan Lidi

The Gigi Haruan Lidi motif is taken from the name of the cork fish and is a symbol of

Paqbarre Allo

The word “Barre” means round and “Allo” means the sunlight. This motif is interpreted as

Pucuk Rebung Riau

Pucuk Rebung symbolizes heart determination in achieving goals, good luck, and

Kamaro Timika

This motif is inspired by sacred symbols of Kamaro communities in

Gonggong Siput

Gonggong (Strombus Turturella) is one type of sea snail found around

Bomba Mawar

This motif means sacred love for family, kingdom, and God; It also illustrates

Sekomandi

Its philosophical meaning is the eternal union which refers to a saying “until death do us part”

Merak Ngeram

The hatching peacock motif has a very deep meaning which refers to the sacrifice and

Salakanagara

Salakanagara batik motif illustrates the first kingdom in the Betawi land

Lontara

The Lontara script itself is a typical ancient script of Bugis and Makassar communities. History records that

Burung Bidadari

Bidadari birds are endemic birds in Halmahera. This motif represents an

Daun Simpor

This motif is inspired by the Simpor plant (Dillenia Suffruticosa) which is a typical

Tifa Papua

This motif was derived from traditional Papuan musical instruments,

Kaharingan

The Kaharingan or ‘tree of life’ based on the Dayak tribes’ belief system. This tree symbolizes

Jupri Kembang Teh

Kembang Teh illustrates the tendrils of tea plants that grow in the highlands of

Pohon Hayat (Tree of Life)

The Batik motifs in Lampung are dominated by the acculturation of Buddhist and

Wirasat

Wirasat or divine inspiration is a gift from God. This inspiration is symbolized by

Bunga Raye

Raye Flower motif also represents a wish for

Gedhog Kembang Waluh

a combination of Javanese cultural motif of the Majapahit kingdom (XII-XIV century) with

Pisang Bali

This batik motif is usually given by a person to his/her lover who is

Tengkawang Ampiek

With its many advantages, the Dayaks use this leaf in ritual ceremonies. This plant is a symbol of

Pattimura

Pattimura is the name of an Indonesian hero who fought against colonialism in

Tangerang Herang

Tangerang Herang motif is a symbol of Tangerang city. The Tangerang Herang batik motif consists of

Taiganja

Taiganja is a precious gold pendant that shows the social status of the Kaili family. It is

Gajah Mungkur

Semantically, it means a huge longing emotion trapped in the

Srimanganti

The name of the Srimanganti motif is derived from Palace’s hallway that connects to

Anggrek Tewu

This motif is created based on the local wisdom and philosophy of

Pinawetengan

The Pinawetengan Batik pattern was taken from a prehistoric inscription in

La Galigo

La Galigo is a literary work of the Buginese Epic that has 300 thousand epic lines. It is considered even

Ake Patra

Ake is related to the divinity and the composition of the universe. It is a symbol of

Merak Lasem

The peacock is considered to be the king of the birds. It represents

Abimanyu Prince

This motif implies a hope that the wearer will have the wisdom of

Awan Larat Riau

This motif is usually associated with gentleness, wisdom, and

Rangkiang

The word “Rangkiang” refers to the rice granary in the Minangkabau language. It symbolizes

Kain Cual

Cual textile tradition has existed since the 17th century. The word “Cual” refers to

Tabir Tanjung

Tanjung flower is a type of Cherry tree flower, which is commonly found in

Buketan Bali

The Balinese bouquet (Buketan Bali) is a floral arrangement and the name is

Sido Mulyo

Sidomulyo is one of the classical motifs, which is specifically used for the bride’s costume in

Peresean

The Peresean is a game that sometimes some kinds of magic are

Insang Ikan

Insang refers to the gills of the fish. This is a typical pattern of Malay ethnic who inhabits

Bekantan Pakis

This motif represents Pakis Haji (Polystichum setiferum), an endemic plant in

Rumah Mamuju

the Batik motif illustrates the house of Mamuju King with the stairs, located on the left of the wooden stage house

Tanah Liek

The word “Tanah Liek” refers to clay in Minang language. It is also known as

Gorga Simeol-Meol

The Gorga Simeol-meol is a pattern of plant tendrils. it is regarded as a symbol of longevity and

Enggang Dayak

Local people beliefs that hornbills are an incarnation of the Commander of the Birds. It has supernatural

Gumin Tambun

Based on Hindu mythology, this motif symbolizes lucks, abundant wealth, and

Mahkota Siger

Siger is the crown of a noblewoman in ancient time. It is a symbol of femininity, strength, and

Manguni Minahasa

Manguni is identified as the symbol of the Minahasa people. Manguni is known as a

Parang Seling

Parang Seling or “alternating daggers” is a royal batik motif. It is a feminine variant of

Teluk Tomini

This motif illustrates the beauty of underwater life in

Gentala Arasy

Built as high as 80 meters, the tower also highlights the historical side of

Lipaq Sabe

Lipaq Saqbe contains a simple geometric classical motif with various flower decorations. This textile is

Sandeq

Sandeq Boat is a symbol of the maritime importance of the West Sulawesi region. The greatness of

Ikan tambal

The word “Ikan” refers to fish. The philosophical meaning of Ikan Tambal means is

Besurek Rembulan

This batik illustrates praise for God who created the wonderful universe

Dayak Taghol

Dayak Taghol has a distinctive style of four curved lines and small dots. This motif represents

Bayam Raja

The Raja Bayam Sasirangan motif illustrates the social status of

Samudra

This art painting means to be strong-willed person to pursue

Daun Lada Hitam

The black pepper motif represents the main commodity of Bangka Belitung

Leuit Sijimat

This motif reflects the daily activities of the Baduy tribe in Banten. The main ornaments of batik motif consist of:

Malinau Cultural Festival

You will witness a unique competition that might not be found other than in

Wakatobi

It symbolizes the coastal beauty of the Wakatobi island and the symbol of Patra symbolizes

Jumputan Bintang

The word Jumputan means the tie-dye technique, while the word “Bintang” refers to

Karawo Mahkuta

Mahkuta refers to Gorontalo’s traditional crown. It represents noble characters of

Daun Sirih

This motif illustrates betel leaves that are used by Lombok communities as traditional

Ondel-ondel

Ondel – ondel is Betawi traditional icons. This motif signifies

Raja Ampat

Raja Ampat motif represents the marine life at Raja Ampat archipelago in

Kawung

The Kawung motif was created by Sultan Agung Hanyokrokusumo (1593 – 1645) as a symbolic gift for

Kasih Tak Sampai

‘Kasih Tak Sampai’ is an idiom in the Indonesian language which refers to

Durian Pecah

Broken Durian motifs depict the foundation of faith. The second half signifies the mastery of

Ceplok Gayo Aceh

The variety of colors shows the differences in society that

Kalo Sara

Kalo Sara is a sacred motif for Tolaki ethnic. It is considered as

Gurdo Solo

Gurdo or garuda bird is the mount of the Indian god Vishnu. As the Sun Bird,

Penari Melayu

Penari Melayu illustrates the traditional dance of Malay ethnic in

Hiu Taliyasan

Indonesia is also home to the world’s largest fish, the whale shark (Rhincodon typus). Hiu Taliyasan refers to

Banji Cirebon

The Banji motif is the symbol of protection and

Kaganga Tanah Rejang

If Batik Besurek combines Arabic calligraphy motifs, then the Kaganga batik takes

Honai

The Honai is inspired by the traditional house of the Papuan community living in