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Baiturrahman Historical Grand Mosque

The Baiturrahman Mosque in Aceh (photo: Kanalaceh)

Baiturrahman Historical Grand Mosque

The Grand Mosque of Aceh was built in 1612 during the reign of Sultan Iskandar Muda and functioned as a fortress against the invaders. The construction of this mosque represents the superiority of Aceh’s local architecture that is resistant to any disasters. This mosque remained intact and became a shelter for the community during the big tsunami disaster in 2004.

Cultural Tourism Destination

Baiturrahman Historical Grand Mosque

Tourist Attractions in Aceh

Aceh Batik Motifs

Kerawang Datar

This motif symbolizes the embodiment of of religious values for

Kerawang Tegak Aceh

The Vertical Upright (Kerawang Tegak) Motif symbolizes a person who has a strong

Pintu Aceh

The motif is inspired by Aceh’s traditional architecture that has

Ceplok Gayo Aceh

The variety of colors shows the differences in society that

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Indonesian

Batik

Motifs

Jumputan Bintang

The word Jumputan means the tie-dye technique, while the word “Bintang” refers to

Gonggong Beruntun

This motif illustrates that a person should maintain a positive attitude and

Bunga Raye

Raye Flower motif also represents a wish for

Gentala Arasy

Built as high as 80 meters, the tower also highlights the historical side of

Pucuk Mekar

This motive reflects the joy and gratitude to God over the grace of

Kuda Kupang

Horses symbolize wealth. It contains noble values of virtuous characters that bring

Dayak Taghol

Dayak Taghol has a distinctive style of four curved lines and small dots. This motif represents

Angsa Duo

According to legend, the Angso duo batik motif is a pair of swans that are believed to have led Princess

Pattimura

Pattimura is the name of an Indonesian hero who fought against colonialism in

Besurek Rafflesia

The term “Basurek” refers to a textile that contains letters or inscriptions

Ake Patra

Ake is related to the divinity and the composition of the universe. It is a symbol of

Pati-Pati Pinehiku

It symbolizes the hierarchy in society and the social status of the Mekongga

Tubo Kelapa

Coconut tree is a symbol of a good character and strong mentality. It illustrates the more success a person, the more

La Galigo

La Galigo is a literary work of the Buginese Epic that has 300 thousand epic lines. It is considered even

Keluak Daun Pakis

The word “Keluak” is a Minang language which means twisted or tangled. The Motif of

Desa Na Ualu

The Gorga motif of Ualu Village is the symbol of the eight cardinal

Anggrek Tewu

This motif is created based on the local wisdom and philosophy of

Kaganga Tanah Rejang

If Batik Besurek combines Arabic calligraphy motifs, then the Kaganga batik takes

Tengkawang Ampiek

With its many advantages, the Dayaks use this leaf in ritual ceremonies. This plant is a symbol of

Teluk Tomini

This motif illustrates the beauty of underwater life in

Pantai Ambon

Ambon city batik depicts the natural wealth and marine life of

Enggang Dayak

Local people beliefs that hornbills are an incarnation of the Commander of the Birds. It has supernatural

Waruga

Minahasa batik motifs are adopted from Waruga. Waruga is the

Abimanyu Prince

This motif implies a hope that the wearer will have the wisdom of

Durian Pecah

Broken Durian motifs depict the foundation of faith. The second half signifies the mastery of

Wirasat

Wirasat or divine inspiration is a gift from God. This inspiration is symbolized by

Samudra

This art painting means to be strong-willed person to pursue

Bayam Raja

The Raja Bayam Sasirangan motif illustrates the social status of

Tikar Natuna

The Tikar Natuna motif is adapted from the traditional making of pandanus mats in

Kalo Sara

Kalo Sara is a sacred motif for Tolaki ethnic. It is considered as

Bomba Mawar

This motif means sacred love for family, kingdom, and God; It also illustrates

Bultiya

The word ‘Bultiya’ is an acronym of the three major tribes in North Kalimantan, namely

Parang Rusak

Another meaning behind this motif is an unconquerable spirit, symbolized by

Jupri Kembang Teh

Kembang Teh illustrates the tendrils of tea plants that grow in the highlands of

Pisang Bali

This batik motif is usually given by a person to his/her lover who is

Banji Cirebon

The Banji motif is the symbol of protection and

Ikan tambal

The word “Ikan” refers to fish. The philosophical meaning of Ikan Tambal means is

Salakanagara

Salakanagara batik motif illustrates the first kingdom in the Betawi land

Gamolan

This motif illustrates Gamolan, a bamboo musical instrument of Lampung that is

Karawo Pinang

Pinang refers to the Palm areca tree. This motif is considered as the original

Paqbarre Allo

The word “Barre” means round and “Allo” means the sunlight. This motif is interpreted as

Pucuk Rebung Riau

Pucuk Rebung symbolizes heart determination in achieving goals, good luck, and

Mega Mendung

Mega Mendung signifies the cloud. This motif means to stay

Ondel-ondel

Ondel – ondel is Betawi traditional icons. This motif signifies

Kuda Sepasang

For the people of Kupang, having a strong horse is a matter of

Peresean

The Peresean is a game that sometimes some kinds of magic are

Pohon Hayat (Tree of Life)

The Batik motifs in Lampung are dominated by the acculturation of Buddhist and

Daun Lada Hitam

The black pepper motif represents the main commodity of Bangka Belitung

Biji Kopi

The coffee seeds motif illustrates the pride of local coffee specialities in

Bintik Tujuh

The Bintik Tujuh (Seven Dots) motif has 7 white spots and green color gradation as

Gedhog Kembang Waluh

a combination of Javanese cultural motif of the Majapahit kingdom (XII-XIV century) with

Pinawetengan

The Pinawetengan Batik pattern was taken from a prehistoric inscription in

Sandeq

Sandeq Boat is a symbol of the maritime importance of the West Sulawesi region. The greatness of

Pintu Aceh

The motif is inspired by Aceh’s traditional architecture that has

Lipaq Sabe

Lipaq Saqbe contains a simple geometric classical motif with various flower decorations. This textile is

Buketan Bali

The Balinese bouquet (Buketan Bali) is a floral arrangement and the name is

Teguh Bersatu

This batik motif shows the strength of the people of Kupang. It also represents a sense of

Jagung

The philosophy of the corn motif illustrates the dream and

Dayak Kamang

Kamang motif is generally found in the Dayak tribe shield because it is believed to

Mahkota Siger

Siger is the crown of a noblewoman in ancient time. It is a symbol of femininity, strength, and

Rasamala

The Rasamala Batik motif is associated with a story when the Dutch came

Rutun Penyu

This motif describes the local wisdom which favours modesty and

Sero Tangga

The Sero Tangga illustrates an endearing feeling and sacrifices of a person to fulfil

Gigi Haruan Lidi

The Gigi Haruan Lidi motif is taken from the name of the cork fish and is a symbol of

Tifa Papua

This motif was derived from traditional Papuan musical instruments,

Gumin Tambun

Based on Hindu mythology, this motif symbolizes lucks, abundant wealth, and

Kain Cual

Cual textile tradition has existed since the 17th century. The word “Cual” refers to

Rumah Mamuju

the Batik motif illustrates the house of Mamuju King with the stairs, located on the left of the wooden stage house

Kerawang Tegak Aceh

The Vertical Upright (Kerawang Tegak) Motif symbolizes a person who has a strong

Burung Bidadari

Bidadari birds are endemic birds in Halmahera. This motif represents an

Kawung

The Kawung motif was created by Sultan Agung Hanyokrokusumo (1593 – 1645) as a symbolic gift for

Besurek Rembulan

This batik illustrates praise for God who created the wonderful universe

Tanah Liek

The word “Tanah Liek” refers to clay in Minang language. It is also known as

Malinau Cultural Festival

You will witness a unique competition that might not be found other than in

Asmat Papua

The batik motif illustrates the Asmat’s sacred tribal motifs that are

Bekantan Pakis

This motif represents Pakis Haji (Polystichum setiferum), an endemic plant in

Daun Simpor

This motif is inspired by the Simpor plant (Dillenia Suffruticosa) which is a typical

Kasih Tak Sampai

‘Kasih Tak Sampai’ is an idiom in the Indonesian language which refers to

Ceplok Gayo Aceh

The variety of colors shows the differences in society that

Desa Na Tolu

The Desa Na Tolu characteristic pattern symbolizes the Batak philosophy of existence and

Gorga Simeol-Meol

The Gorga Simeol-meol is a pattern of plant tendrils. it is regarded as a symbol of longevity and

Sido Mulyo

Sidomulyo is one of the classical motifs, which is specifically used for the bride’s costume in

Pala Salawaku

This motif illustrates the unique weapons of the Maluku region, namely

Prada Papua

The word “Prada” in the Javanese-Indonesian dialect means a batik textile that

Awan Larat Riau

This motif is usually associated with gentleness, wisdom, and

Tabir Tanjung

Tanjung flower is a type of Cherry tree flower, which is commonly found in

Insang Ikan

Insang refers to the gills of the fish. This is a typical pattern of Malay ethnic who inhabits

Sinaran

This pattern originates from Cirebon. It represents the reflection of

Tampuk Manggis Sasirangan

The motif illustrates the philosophy of the mangosteen fruit, which is

Gajah Way Kambas

The motif illustrates the Lampung’s natural reserve, the Way Kambas. it also symbolizes

Gurdo Solo

Gurdo or garuda bird is the mount of the Indian god Vishnu. As the Sun Bird,

Ukir Sentani

The Ukir motif is a batik motif that is inspired by various traditional Sentani wood carvings

Parang Seling

Parang Seling or “alternating daggers” is a royal batik motif. It is a feminine variant of

Honai

The Honai is inspired by the traditional house of the Papuan community living in

Karawo Mahkuta

Mahkuta refers to Gorontalo’s traditional crown. It represents noble characters of

Tangerang Herang

Tangerang Herang motif is a symbol of Tangerang city. The Tangerang Herang batik motif consists of

Srimanganti

The name of the Srimanganti motif is derived from Palace’s hallway that connects to

Merak Ngeram

The hatching peacock motif has a very deep meaning which refers to the sacrifice and

Cengkeh

The clove flower motif is the main commodity of the Tolitoli Regency. This motif represents

Daun Sirih

This motif illustrates betel leaves that are used by Lombok communities as traditional