South Sumatra (Indonesian: Sumatera Selatan) is located in the southern part of Sumatra island. It spans a total area of 91,592.43 Km2. The total Population of 8,043,093 People (2015) and 96% of the population are Muslims. For many centuries, South Sumatra Province was also known as Bumi Sriwijaya. In the 7th century until the 12th century AD, this region was the center of the Hindu Srivijaya kingdom, which was known as the largest and most powerful maritime empire in the Southeast Asian archipelago. From the 13th century to the 14th century, this region came under the rule of Majapahit Kingdom. At the beginning of the 15th century, the Sultanate of Palembang stood in power until the advent of Western Colonialism, then followed by Japan in the 19th Century.
South Sumatra has a rich cultural diversity as it received cultural influences throughout centuries from merchants coming from many other regions in Asia (Indian, Arabian, Chinese, Malay, etc). Visitors can explore and learn about the history of this region through the traces of its cultural heritage dated from Islamic, Hindu Srivijaya kingdom, and Buddhist era. The rich culture of South Sumatra includes traditional houses, traditional textile heritage such as Batik and Songket (the woven textile), various types of traditional dances, as well as local gastronomy.