Central Sulawesi Province is located in the central part of Sulawesi Island, Indonesia. The capital city of Central Sulawesi Province is Palu. Central Sulawesi is bordered by the Sulawesi Sea and Gorontalo Province to the north, Maluku and North Maluku Provinces to the east, South Sulawesi Province and Southeast Sulawesi Province to the south, and Makassar Strait and West Sulawesi Province to the west. The total area of Central Sulawesi Province is 61,841.29 km² with a total population of 2,968,980 people in 2017. The native tribes are the Kaili, Pamona, Banggai, Saluan, Mori, Bungkul, Balantak, and migrant tribes namely Bugis, Javanese, Balinese, and Gorontalo. The majority of the population are Muslim (76.37%), Protestant Christians (16.58%), Hindus (4.45%), and Catholics (1.85%). There were several kingdoms existed in the region, namely Banawa Kingdom, Tawaeli Kingdom, Sigi Kingdom, Proud Kingdom, and the Banggai Kingdom. The Banawa Kingdom, founded in the 14th century, was one of the three largest kingdoms in Central Sulawesi besides Banggai and Sigi. In the era of the Banawa kingdom, Donggala Bay in Central Sulawesi became the largest and busiest trading port in Sulawesi, as cited in the travel itineraries of Chinese and European explorers.
Despite the strong presence of the colonials such as Portuguese, Spanish, and Dutch in the territory, the Banawa Kingdom was so strong that it was able to defend the area until the 19th century. After the decline of the Banawa kingdom, Palu Kingdom emerged and developed a regional monarchical system until 1960 and joined the unitary state of the Indonesian republic.
Central Sulawesi has extraordinary natural beauty. Central Sulawesi is also famous for its World Percussion Festivals, such as Palu Salonde Percussion in Palu City and the Vula Dongga Festival in Parigi Moutong.