Central Kalimantan is one of the provinces in Indonesia which is located on the island of Kalimantan. The capital is the City of Palangka Raya. This province is the second largest province after Papua Province. The native tribe of Central Kalimantan is the Dayak tribe.
Central Kalimantan has an area of 157,983 km². According to the population census in 2015, the population of Central Kalimantan increased to 2,680,680 people.
West of Central Kalimantan is bordered by West Kalimantan Province, while in the east of Central Kalimantan is bordered by East Kalimantan Province and South Kalimantan Province. In the north, this region is bordered by West Kalimantan Province and East Kalimantan Province. It borders with the Java Sea in the south, which separates the mainland of the island of Kalimantan with the island of Java.
Several Kingdoms existed in Central Kalimantan are Bunu Kingdom (13th Century), Majapahit Empire, Negara Dipa Kingdom, Negara Daha Kingdom, Sultanate of Banjar, and Kotawaringin Kingdom (16th Century), and the colonial era in 17th-19th Century.
Central Kalimantan is known for its peaceful and harmonious society. This region is designated as Bumi Pancasila, or the Land of Pancasila, thanks to its ability to maintain stable social politic environment. Pancasila is the official philosophical foundation of Indonesian which emphasizes five principles namely, the one and only God, the just and civilized humanity, the unity of Indonesia, democracy guided by the inner wisdom in the unanimity arising out of deliberations amongst representatives, and social justice for all Indonesian people. This philosophy is reflected in the function of Huma Betang, which is a traditional vernacular house inspired by the philosophy of the citizens of Central Kalimantan.
Huma Betang is a tall and spacious house that serves as a shelter for a number of families, with different backgrounds of ethnicity and religion. Despite the diversity, the community promotes tolerance and mutual respects among society members.