The banji motif is a stylization of the Indian swastika motif that enters Indonesia through China. The name “banji” comes from the Chinese word “banzi”, which literally means “ten thousand”, and the swastika itself is a spiritual symbol adapted by the Chinese. “Banji” symbolizes abundance and the spiritual connection of everything in the Universe. The motif is meant to maintain one’s spiritual purity and protect one from dangers.
Note: All contents and batik images are protected by Indonesian cultural property law. This documentation is intended for educational purposes and to facilitate the preservation of Batik UNESCO’s intangible cultural heritage 2009. Any use of published materials is allowed only with reference to this website as the original source of publication.
How to preserve Batik
Philosophical Meanings of Batik
Learn and identify the meaning of the motifs from each region. Are you searching for a meaningful gift for your loved ones? Surprise them with a merry little Batik!
Buy the authentic handwritten Batik textiles to add to your prestigious collection. Such support will enhance the well-being of Batik artisans and preserve the living heritage.
If you want to meet the Batik artisans, we encourage you to visit and support Batik workshops in Indonesia. You may discover the local tourism that suits your preference!
UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity in 2009
Batik Production Process in West Java
Batik production can take 1 month up to 2 years of working time depending on the purposes of the textile creation and the colour complexity. The Batik handwriting textile is generally made with 8 design steps, ranging from wax patterning to colouring process. The artists use Canting, as a tool to put hot melted wax on the cloth.
Overview of West Java Province
West Java society is known as a religious community, with a wealth of cultural heritage and traditional noble values. Its community adheres to the values of ‘Herang Caina Beunang Laukna’ that promotes mutual understanding, cooperations, and mutual benefits among the community members.
Batik Villages in West Java Province
Batik villages are the region where the Batik producers mostly reside and open their Batik workshops, as well as display their Batik products. You could buy the Batik textiles from the artisans and participate in the making process of Batik on the site.