The word “Ikan” refers to fish. The philosophical meaning of Ikan Tambal is togetherness, simplicity in social life, and respect for others regardless of their social class. The waves pattern describes the ups and downs of community life and contains a piece of advice to face social problems with patience.
Note: All contents and batik images are protected by Indonesian cultural property law. This documentation is intended for educational purposes and to facilitate the preservation of Batik UNESCO’s intangible cultural heritage 2009. Any use of published materials is allowed only with reference to this website as the original source of publication.
How to preserve Batik
Philosophical Meanings of Batik
Learn and identify the meaning of the motifs from each region. Are you searching for a meaningful gift for your loved ones? Surprise them with a merry little Batik!
Buy the authentic handwritten Batik textiles to add to your prestigious collection. Such support will enhance the well-being of Batik artisans and preserve the living heritage.
If you want to meet the Batik artisans, we encourage you to visit and support Batik workshops in Indonesia. You may discover the local tourism that suits your preference!
UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity in 2009
Batik Production Process in Riau Islands
Batik production can take 1 month up to 2 years of working time depending on the purposes of the textile creation and the colour complexity. The Batik handwriting textile is generally made with 8 design steps, ranging from wax patterning to colouring process. The artists use Canting, as a tool to put hot melted wax on the cloth.
Overview of Riau Islands Province
The history of the Riau Islands evolved from Hindu-Buddhist to Islamic times. Pasir Panjang Inscription in Karimun island shows the presence of Buddhist shrine during the 9-10th century AD. Every year the region celebrates the Maritime Festival and Dragon Boat Contest that attract international participants.
Batik Villages in Riau Islands Province
Other Batik Motifs in the Category of Tolerance and Social Harmony
Desa Na Tolu
The Desa Na Tolu pattern symbolizes the Batak philosophy of existence and